Reticulated python may reach 10 meters (probably) of length and 160 kg of weight (confirmed). The reticulated python has smooth dorsal scales that are arranged in 69–79 rows at midbody. More than a thousand wild reticulated pythons in southern Sumatra were studied, and estimated to have a length range of 1.5 to 6.5 m (4.9 to 21.3 ft), and a weight range of 1 to 75 kg (2.2 to 165.3 lb). Small specimens up to 3–4 m (9.8–13.1 ft) long eat mainly rodents such as rats, whereas larger individuals switch to prey such as small Indian civet and binturong, primates, and pigs weighing more than 60 kg (130 lb). "The influence of sex and body size on food habits of a giant tropical snake, "Predation on Sun Bears by Reticulated Python in East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo". Diet. Albino Super Phantom Morph Reticulated pythons with lengths more than 6 m (19.7 ft) are rare, though according to the Guinness Book of World Records, it is the only extant snake to regularly exceed that length. As a rule, the reticulated python seems able to swallow prey up to one-quarter its own length and up to its own weight. Two species are in competition for the leading position regarding length: Reticulated python is a species of the Pythonidae family. [24] Reticulated pythons with lengths more than 6 m (19.7 ft) are rare, though according to the Guinness Book of World Records, it is the only extant snake to regularly exceed that length. Scientific Stuff: Reticulated Python Subspecies and Classification The often grow to up to 20ft long with exceptional specimens reaching even greater lengths. Breeding season for reticulated pythons is usually between September and March. [26] 1.5-6.5 m. The Reticulated python is a nonvenomous snake native to South and Southeast Asia. The victim had offered to help capture the snake, which had been spotted several times before near the hotel in the Sanur, Bali, area and escaped back into nearby bushes. [12] Raymond Hoser erected the genus for the reticulated python in 2004, naming it after German snake expert Stefan Broghammer, on the basis of dorsal patterns distinct from those of the genus Python, and a dark mid-dorsal line from the rear to the front of the head, and red or orange (rather than brown) iris colour. The differences quickly become clear. We have to settle this issue in two categories: the longest snake and the heaviest snake. The colour pattern is a complex geometric pattern that incorporates different colours. Numerous reports have been made of larger snakes, but since none of these was measured by a scientist nor any of the specimens deposited at a museum, they must be regarded as unproven and possibly erroneous. [13] In 2008, Lesley Rawlings and colleagues reanalysed Kruge's morphological data and combined it with genetic material, and found the reticulated clade to be an offshoot of the Australo-Papuan lineage as well. A reticulated python of the same length as a green anaconda may weigh only half as much as the bulkier anaconda. An average weight for this species is between 1 and 75kg (2.2 and 165.3lb). There are several documented cases of reticulated python abducting and strangling small children to death. The world’s longest retic in captivity, Medusa, holds the Guinness World Record for being the longest captive snake at 25 feet and 2 inches. Length at hatch: 10 to 27 inches (25 to 70 centimeters) Age of maturity: 2 to 8 years. In fact, the average length of an adult reticulated python is about 12 to 20 feet. How many teeth do Reticulated Pythons have? for the monitor lizards inhabiting Asian territories. Now, he is only around 8ft in length but is a big softie, he loves to climb and highly active so controlling him from knocking things off shelves can be difficult. Hatchling reticulated pythons are best kept in small tubs with secure hides, where they can become established feeders. The size will depend on the habitat where they live and the type of food sources that they consume. Its natural diet includes mammals and occasionally birds. [17] Neither of these proposed reclassifications has been recognized by the ITIS,[18] but Malayopython has been recognized by a number of subsequent authors[19][20] and the Reptile Database. [29], The huge size and attractive pattern of this snake has made it a favorite zoo exhibit, with several individuals claimed to be above 20 ft (6.1 m) in length and more than one claimed to be the largest in captivity. The reticulated python is no exception, and the contrast between the white patches of scales and the darker browns and oranges really highlight the beauty of the snake. It is also associated with rivers and is found in areas with nearby streams and lakes. The species is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. Reticulated python is a lowland species. [28] The previous reports had been constructed by combining partial measurements with estimations to compensate for "kinks", since completely straightening an extremely large live python is virtually impossible. These snakes are constrictors (they are non-venomous). Part II", "Python phylogenetics: inference from morphology and mitochondrial DNA", "Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review", http://www.smuggled.com/issue-25-pages-14-38.pdf, "A review of the systematics and taxonomy of Pythonidae: an ancient serpent lineage", "The emerging phylogenetic pattern of parthenogenesis in snakes". Loose ligaments and joints allow the upper and lower jaw to stretch one from another while swallowing the victim. The colors include olive green, black, white, and gold. [26], The specimen once widely accepted as the largest-ever "accurately" measured snake, that being Colossus, a specimen kept at the Highland Park Zoo (now the Pittsburgh Zoo and PPG Aquarium) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, during the 1950s and early 1960s, with a peak reported length of 8.7 metres (28 ft 7 in) from a measurement in November 1956, was later shown to have been substantially shorter than previously reported. Unlike other members of the Boa Family who bear live young, Pythons will lay eggs. Attacks on humans are not common, but this species has been responsible for several reported human fatalities, in both the wild and captivity. [5][6][7], The reticulated python was first described in 1801 by German naturalist Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider, who described two zoological specimens held by the Göttingen Museum in 1801 that differed slightly in colour and pattern as separate species—Boa reticulata and Boa rhombeata. Three subspecies have been proposed,[22] but are not recognized in the Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Some Reticulated Pythons have grown to 9 metres (29.5 feet) in length and have weighed as much as 270 kg (595 lbs). After 4-5 years the tempo of gains gradually decreases to about 30 cm (12 in) a year. Reticulated Pythons are often considered the largest living snakes in the world. When I adopted my tiny, sweet, fits-in-my-hand baby girl more than 2 years ago, I didn’t know too much about snakes. Offspring reaches sexual maturity at an age of 2 to 4 years. Some people even mistakenly purchase the former with the intent of buying the latter. They do not pose a serious threat to humans, yet adult snakes are strong enough to kill even a grown man. The average … International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, "A Reclassification of the Pythoninae Including the Descriptions of Two New Genera, Two New Species, and Nine New Subspecies. This species is the largest snake native to Asia. The back typically has a series of irregular diamond shapes flanked by smaller markings with light centers. My name is .... James ...."*, © Copyright DinoAnimals 2012 - 2020, All Rights Reserved, Paraceratherium, Indricotherium, Baluchitherium, Steller’s sea eagle – the heaviest eagle, The longest snake ever to live on Earth was a now extinct, living in the Paleocene epoch (about 60-58 million years ago), Titanoboa measured from 12 to 15 meters (39ft – 49 ft) of length and its weight reached 1100 kg (2425 lb). [27][28] Currently the longest snake living in captivity is a reticulated python gracefully named Medusa. 13 meters (43ft) of length and 250 kg (550 lb) of weight – does such a snake really exist? In the Paleocene epoch (60 million years ago) a Titanoboa snake did exist, measuring 15 meters (49 ft) and reaching 1 ton of weight, being 1 meter wide (in diameter) in its largest section… However in those times, as we all know, everything was ‘slightly’ bigger – see: Dinosaurs. The boy's mother, who had been petsitting the python on behalf of a friend, rescued the toddler by gashing the python with a knife. Currently a reticulated python known as Medusa is accepted by the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest snake on Earth. What is the name of agent 007? The average length of an adult Reticulated Python can range from 15 - 25 feet making it one of the longest snakes and reptiles in the world. [8] The specific name, reticulatus, is Latin meaning "net-like", or reticulated, and is a reference to the complex color pattern. The reticulated python is considered to be species of ‘least concern’ on the International … The type locality was restricted to "Java" by Brongersma (1972).[2]. That gives you an idea of how large they can grow to be. Native to Asia, this snake can grow up to 30 feet or longer and weigh roughly 350 pounds. The record length of a reticulated python was 32 feet long and it weighed about 350 lbs. Reticulated pythons are very long and thick. Among the largest documented prey items are a half-starved sun bear of 23 kg (51 lb) that was eaten by a 6.95 m (22.8 ft) specimen and took some 10 weeks to digest. Snakes living in the wild which have to hunt for their food, rather do not reach such a size. The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider in 1801. [23], The reticulated python is the largest snake native to Asia. The length of this species are 1.5 to 6.5 m and weighs 1 to 75 kg. reticulated python length. The average length of the reticulated python is 4.78 metres (15.6 feet) and the average weight is 170 kg (374.7 lbs) for the British reading this that is 26.7 stone, so by no means is it a lightweight. The reticulated python, also known by the scientific name Python reticulatus, is a large snake of the Pythonidae family found in Southeast Asia.It is one of the largest snakes overall in the world and it is the longest. It can make a good captive, but keepers should have previous experience with large constrictors to ensure safety to both animal and keeper. reticulated pythons could prey on a variety of native wildlife, particularly birds and mammals. Pet retics are suitable for experienced snake handlers only. Apparently, the population of the Sangihe Islands north of Sulawesi represents another such subspecies, which is basal to the P. r. reticulatus plus P. r. jampeanus clade, but it is not yet formally described.[22]. The largest living snakes in the world, measured either by length or by weight, are various members of the Boidae and Pythonidae families. They can weight up to 350 pounds but most of them are much smaller than that. Undeniably, the heaviest snake is Anaconda (Eunectes) reaching even 250 kg of weight. Reticulated and Timor pythons From India to Timor Morelia: Gray, 1842 8 6 Tree pythons From Indonesia in the Maluku Islands, east through New Guinea, including the Bismarck Archipelago and in Australia Python: Daudin, 1803 10 2 "True" pythons It has no fear of humans – quite often it visits human households in search for food or attack minor livestock. Scales fill a few needs: They trap dampness in bone-dry atmospheres and diminish grinding as they move. More than a thousand wild reticulated pythons in southern Sumatra were studied and estimated to have a length range of 1.5 to 6.5 m and a weight range of 1 to 75 kg. Geographical location is a good key to establishing the subspecies, as each one has a distinct geographical range. in weight. [28] Claims made by zoos and animal parks are sometimes exaggerated, such as the claimed 14.85 m (48.7 ft) snake in Indonesia which was subsequently proven to be about 6.5–7 m (21.3–23.0 ft) long. Snakes are adapted to swallowing prey bigger than themselves. The reticulated python is the world’s longest snake. 2. The reticulated python is among the few snakes that prey on humans. However, some snakes may measure up to 30 feet in length. The reticulated python lives in rain forests, woodlands, and nearby grasslands. It is an excellent swimmer, has been reported far out at sea and has colonized many small islands within its range. [27] The hide tends to stretch from the skinning process, thus may be longer than the snake from which it came – e.g., by roughly 20–40% or more. In December 2013, a 59-year-old security guard was strangled to death while trying to capture a python near the Bali Hyatt, a luxury hotel on Indonesia's resort island. In 2011 it was reported to measure 7.67 m (25.2 ft) and weigh 158.8 kg (350 lb). One of th… This Asiatic snake regularly grows to length of at least 25 feet (7.62 m). [36], The reticulated python is oviparous, adult females lay between 15 and 80 eggs per clutch. It is among the three heaviest snakes. Their weight ranges from 110 – 170 g (0.243 – 0.375 lb). At least one case is reported of a foraging python entering a forest hut and taking a child. Although, the majority of this species is quite large, there are some dwarf reticulated pythons that only get to be 7-12 feet long. The longest snakes in the world are pythons (Pythonidae family). However one must bear in mind that this snake is held in captivity and does not have the slightest problem acquiring food, which is amply provided by its keepers, for it is a great attraction. timoriensis. Near human habitation, it is known to snatch stray chickens, cats, and dogs on occasion. [25] One of the largest scientifically measured specimens, from Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, was measured under anesthesia at 6.95 m (22.8 ft), and weighed 59 kg (130 lb) after not having eaten for nearly 3 months. They grow about 60 cm each year, although many snakes may reach 180 cm (71 in) after the first year. Basic facts about Reticulated Python: lifespan, distribution and habitat map, lifestyle and social behavior, mating habits, diet and nutrition, population size and status. The original description does not include a type locality. Therefore a snake like Medusa (see below) theoretically could devour an adult human…. I also did not realize that she was also one of the longest, biggest possible breeds and that … Length: Longest - reticulated python Python reticulatus, up to 33 feet; shortest - ant-hill or pygmy python Antaresia perthensis, about 23 inches (60 centimeters) While not venomous, large pythons can inflict serious injuries, sometimes requiring stitches. Juveniles are often kept in vivariums, with secure hides and climbing frames, until they reach about 10 … Female reticulated python lays from 15 to 80 eggs, which are brooded upon for about 88 days. In zoo displays, the shading example may appear to be showy. Like all pythons, it is a non-venomous constrictor. When Colossus died on 14 April 1963, its body was deposited in the Carnegie Museum of Natural History. It usually lives below 1200 meters (3900 ft) above sea level. It prefers humid forest areas, with lush greenery, a perfect place to hide and camouflage. South-East Asia, India, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Singapore, Philippines and Indonesia. Female pythons lay between 25 and 80 eggs, which they incubate for 3 months. The maximum lifespan of these snakes is 21 years. She measured 28.5 feet and weighed 320lbs. A similar issue was described considering Harpy eagles, hence our doubts on the matter of a 13-meter (43ft) skeleton, allegedly found in Colombia. The Reticulated Python is the largest snake in the world in terms of average overall length. [10] American zoologist Arnold G. Kluge performed a cladistics analysis on morphological characters and recovered the reticulated python lineage as sister to the genus Python, hence not requiring a new generic name in 1993. In early 20th-century Indonesia: On Salibabu island. The incident happened around 3 am as the 4.5-m (15-ft) python was crossing a road near the hotel. In snake: Early development and growth …terms of total length, the reticulated pythons (Python reticulatus)—which inhabit Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and the Philippines—are the largest, growing to more than 7 metres (23 feet) as adults.In contrast, adults of the species Leptotyphlos carlae, a type of worm snake found on the island of Barbados, average only 10… [34], The reticulated python is found in South Asia from the Nicobar Islands, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Singapore, east through Indonesia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago (Sumatra, the Mentawai Islands, the Natuna Islands, Borneo, Sulawesi, Java, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, Timor, Maluku, Tanimbar Islands) and the Philippines (Basilan, Bohol, Cebu, Leyte, Luzon, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Palawan, Panay, Polillo, Samar, Tawi-Tawi). The longest reticulated python was 32 feet in length and weighed 350 pounds. [16] Hoser has since said that the Malayopython name is a junior synonym of Broghammerus, thus it should not be recognized by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. There are unverified reports of reticulated pythons growing up to 10m (33ft) long. They also inhabit the Indonesian island Sumatra. LENGTH. At that time, its skeleton was measured and found to be 20 ft 10 in (6.35 m) in total length, and the length of its fresh hide was measured as 23 ft 11 in (7.29 m) – both measurements being significantly shorter than what had been previously estimated in 1956. It is the world's longest snake and listed as least concern on the IUCN Red List because of its wide distribution. Reticulated pythons have also been documented preying on humans in their native range, making them a threat to human health and safety. [30] However, due to its huge size, immense strength, aggressive disposition, and the mobility of the skin relative to the body, it is very difficult to get exact length measurements of a living reticulated python, and weights are rarely indicative, as captive pythons are often obese. It may range in length from 1.5-6.5m (4.9-21.3ft) long. The apparent cause of death was, In January 2009, a 3-year-old boy was wrapped in the coils of a 18 ft (5.5 m) pet reticulated python, turning blue. Called disruptive colouration, it protects them from predators and helps them to catch their prey. [28], A reticulated python kept in Kansas City, Missouri, named "Medusa" is considered by the Guinness Book of World Records to be the longest living snake ever kept in captivity. In this species' wide geographic range, much variation of size, colour, and markings commonly occurs. A scientifically verified record does exist of a reticulated python 6.95m (22.8ft) in length and 59 kg (130 lb.) The natural diet of small reticulated pythons are mainly rodents, while the larger mainland retics … It is possible for Reticulated Pythons to grow over 30 feet in length. Because of these issues, a 2012 journal article concluded, "Colossus was neither the longest snake nor the heaviest snake ever maintained in captivity." An excellent swimmer, it has even been reported far out at sea and has consequently colonized many small islands within its range. Its most common prey in human households are hens, cats and stray dogs. Reaching a length of 25 feet in the wild is fairly common, however the largest specimen on record was a captive female from the Pittsburgh Zoo. Woman found dead with python around her neck at sheriff’s snake house. Considering the known maximum prey size, a full-grown reticulated python can open its jaws wide enough to swallow a human, but the width of the shoulders of some adult Homo sapiens can pose a problem for even a snake with sufficient size. The reticulated python, native to the rainforests of Southeast Asia, is one of the world's largest snakes. The hide was sent to a laboratory to be tanned, but it was either lost or destroyed, and now only the skull and selected vertebrae and ribs remain in the museum's collection. The reticulated python is often confused with its close relative, the ball python. Baby snakes are usually from 60 to 75 cm (24 – 30 in) long at birth. [9] The generic name Python was proposed by French naturalist François Marie Daudin in 1803. Too large to be preserved with formaldehyde and then stored in alcohol, the specimen was instead prepared as a disarticulated skeleton. Medusa is 767 cm (25ft 2 in) long and weighs 158.76 kg (350 lb). A single egg can weigh as much as 250g, providing a home for little snakes which hatch at a length of 60 to 90cm (2­3ft). Both anacondas and pythons are constrictors, yet contrary to the latter, female anacondas do not lay eggs, but give girth to live offspring. 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