In 1968, Armstrong scored one last popular hit in the United Kingdom with "What a Wonderful World", which topped the British charts for a month. At twenty, he could read music. [27], On June 14, 1914, Armstrong was released into the custody of his father and his new stepmother, Gertrude. In her small home, he had to share a bed with his mother and sister. Louis Armstrong - United States pioneering jazz trumpeter and bandleader Satchmo, Armstrong With his innovations, he raised the bar musically for all who came after him. [13] At six he attended the Fisk School for Boys,[14] a school that accepted black children in the racially segregated system of New Orleans. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band performing in Chicago, 1923. On the next day, March 19, 1919, Armstrong and Parker married at City Hall. [106] He kept a strong connection throughout his life to the cooking of New Orleans, always signing his letters, "Red beans and ricely yours ..."[107], A fan of Major League Baseball, he founded a team in New Orleans that was known as Raggedy Nine and transformed the team into his Armstrong's "Secret Nine Baseball". 1914-1981. Armstrong could blow two hundred high Cs in a row. [119] In February 1968, he also appeared with Lara Saint Paul on the Italian RAI television channel where he performed "Grassa e Bella", a track he sang in Italian for the Italian market and C.D.I. Amazingly talented and charismatic jazz musician, most famous throughout the 40s and 50s.Also known as Satchmo.Best known for his song "What a Wonderful World", but his duets with Ella Fitzgerald leave "Wonderful World" in the dust. Fame beckoned in 1922 when Oliver, then leading a band in Chicago, sent for Armstrong to play second cornet. In 2002, the Louis Armstrong's Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings (1925–1928) were preserved in the United States National Recording Registry, a registry of recordings selected yearly by the National Recording Preservation Board for preservation in the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress. Louis Armstrong was present and loved the song. [31] Marable was proud of his musical knowledge, and he insisted that Armstrong and other musicians in his band learn sight reading. Armstrong was featured as a guest artist with Lionel Hampton's band at the famed second Cavalcade of Jazz concert held at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles which was produced by Leon Hefflin Sr. on October 12, 1946. [59] His impact touched many, including a well-known man during that time named Langston Hughes. Not long after this fiasco, Parker traveled to Armstrong's home on Perdido Street. (1900–71), American jazz musician; known as Satchmo; full name Daniel Louis Armstrong. At the same time, however, his oeuvre includes many original melodies, creative leaps, and relaxed or driving rhythms. Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter, composer and singer who became one of the pivotal and most influential figures in jazz music. [91], Often, Armstrong re-composed pop-tunes he played, simply with variations that made them more compelling to jazz listeners of the era. See more. Armstrong was performing at the Brick House in Gretna, Louisiana, when he met Daisy Parker, a local prostitute. The popularity he gained brought together many black and white audiences to watch him perform.[63]. What does satchmo mean? Altogether, his immensely compelling swing; his brilliant technique; his sophisticated, daring sense of harmony; his ever-mobile, expressive attack, timbre, and inflections; his gift for creating vital melodies; his dramatic, often complex sense of solo design; and his outsized musical energy and genius made these recordings major innovations in jazz. Louis Daniel Armstrong talks with Studs Terkel on WFMT; 1962/6/24, to demonstrate the preparation red beans and rice, Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport, Queens College, City University of New York, "Louis Armstrong: 'The Man and His Music,' Part 1", "Langston Hughes Presents the History of Jazz in an Illustrated Children's Book (1995)", "Louis Armstrong And Band Get A Hot Reception", "Louis Daniel Armstrong talks with Studs Terkel on WFMT; 1962/6/24", "Louis Armstrong's secret daughter revealed, 42 years after his death", "Louis Armstrong, Barring Soviet Tour, Denounces Eisenhower and Gov. His 1964 song "Bout Time" was later featured in the film Bewitched. At a recording session for Okeh Records, when the sheet music supposedly fell on the floor and the music began before he could pick up the pages, Armstrong simply started singing nonsense syllables while Okeh president E.A. In Ireland the name was adopted as an Anglicization of two Gaelic names from Ulster: Mac Thréinfhir (meaning "son of the strong man") and Ó Labhraidh Tréan (meaning "strong O'Lavery"). [4] Around 1922, he followed his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to Chicago to play in the Creole Jazz Band. Knowing he lived without a father, they fed and nurtured him. He suffered heart and kidney ailments that forced him to stop touring. "I just play music. [64] Following a highly successful small-group jazz concert at New York Town Hall on May 17, 1947, featuring Armstrong with trombonist/singer Jack Teagarden, Armstrong's manager, Joe Glaser dissolved the Armstrong big band on August 13, 1947, and established a six-piece traditional jazz group featuring Armstrong with (initially) Teagarden, Earl Hines and other top swing and Dixieland musicians, most of whom were previously leaders of big bands. [33], Throughout his riverboat experience, Armstrong's musicianship began to mature and expand. His last film appearance was in Hello, Dolly! With this band, the thirteen year-old Armstrong attracted the attention of Kid Ory. In his last years ill health curtailed his trumpet playing, but he continued as a singer. He earned a reputation at "cutting contests", and relocated to New York in order to join Fletcher Henderson's band. Louis Armstrong. Somebody called my name?" Armstrong definition, U.S. jazz trumpeter and bandleader. Armstrong is a surname of Scottish borders origin. While selling coal in Storyville, he heard spasm bands, groups that played music out of household objects. Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (IATA: MSY, ICAO: KMSY, FAA LID: MSY) is a Class B public use international airport in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States.It is owned by the city of New Orleans and is located 10 nautical miles (19 km) west of its central business district. The museum opened to the public on October 15, 2003. The Definition of Jazz. [5] In 2017, he was posthumously inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. His agent Johnny Collins's erratic behavior and his own spending ways left Armstrong short of cash. It was the period of his greatest popularity; he produced hit recordings such as “Mack the Knife” and “Hello, Dolly!” and outstanding albums such as his tributes to W.C. [citation needed]. [88] In a 1955 letter to his manager, Joe Glaser, Armstrong affirmed his belief that Preston's newborn baby was his daughter, and ordered Glaser to pay a monthly allowance of $400 (US$4,772 in 2019 dollars[89]) to mother and child. English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia. The nickname has many possible origins. What a Wonderful World is a song performed by American trumpeter and singer Louis Armstrong. During this time he abandoned the often blues-based original material of his earlier years for a remarkably fine choice of popular songs by such noted composers as Hoagy Carmichael, Irving Berlin, and Duke Ellington. [91], In addition to being an entertainer, Armstrong was a leading personality of the day. In his records, Armstrong almost single-handedly created the role of the jazz soloist, taking what had been essentially a collective folk music and turning it into an art form with tremendous possibilities for individual expression. [79] That said, Armstrong was registered as "Lewie" for the 1920 U.S. Census. The nickname "Pops" came from Armstrong's own tendency to forget people's names and simply call them "Pops" instead. For the Record …. Bix Beiderbecke died and Fletcher Henderson's band broke up. Louis Armstrong and his All Stars were featured at the ninth Cavalcade of Jazz concert also at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles produced by Leon Hefflin Sr. held on June 7, 1953 along with Shorty Rogers, Roy Brown, Don Tosti and His Mexican Jazzmen, Earl Bostic, and Nat "King" Cole. Part 1 (the A side) is a purely instrumental version, while Part 2 (side B) has Armstrong singing the lyrics. He found the courage to look for her home to see her away from work. The museum is operated by the Queens College, City University of New York, following the dictates of Lucille Armstrong's will. Louis Armstrong. "[19] He wore a Star of David pendant for the rest of his life and wrote about what he learned from them: "how to live—real life and determination. With his new repertoire came a new, simplified style: he created melodic paraphrases and variations as well as chord-change-based improvisations on these songs. The band drew the Hollywood crowd, which could still afford a lavish night life, while radio broadcasts from the club connected with younger audiences at home. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. He enjoyed listening to his own recordings, and comparing his performances musically. label.[120]. Passive-aggressive personality disorder: Definition, causes, treatment. Brothers’ introduction to the “Karnofsky Document” is short but does an excellent job of summarizing the various contradictions in Armstrong’s many versions of … [73], In 1964, after over two years without setting foot in a studio, he recorded his biggest-selling record, "Hello, Dolly! Louis then married Lucille Wilson in October 1942, a singer at the Cotton Club, to whom he was married until his death in 1971. Norman Granz then had the vision for Ella and Louis to record Porgy and Bess. in 1964. Armstrong was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as an early influence. As a child, he worked odd jobs and sang in a boys’ quartet. Armstrong had a difficult childhood. December 1, 2020 [email protected] _84. The story behind the jazz legend’s final hit and, quite simply, one of the most beautiful songs ever written. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an "inventive" trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. His irrepressible personality both as a performer and as a public figure was so strong that to some it sometimes overshadowed his contributions as a musician and singer. He heard the early sounds of jazz from bands that played in brothels and dance halls such as Pete Lala's, where King Oliver performed. His popular name was 'Satchmo', a short form of 'Satchelmouth', because of his large mouth. His second wife helped him develop his career, but they separated in 1931 and divorced in 1938. [30], Armstrong played in brass bands and riverboats in New Orleans, first on an excursion boat in September 1918. Credit... Charles Graham, via Louis Armstrong … Louis Armstrong was a superstar, long before Andy Warhol popularised the phrase. The Louis Armstrong House Museum, at 34-56 107th Street between 34th and 37th avenues in Corona, Queens, presents concerts and educational programs, operates as a historic house museum and makes materials in its archives of writings, books, recordings and memorabilia available to the public for research. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. "Lewie" is the French pronunciation of "Louis" and is commonly used in Louisiana. [25], Armstrong developed his cornet skills by playing in the band. He toured America and Europe as a trumpet soloist accompanied by big bands; for several years beginning in 1935, Luis Russell’s big band served as the Louis Armstrong band. [24] Life at the home was spartan. Louis-Armstrong. Louis Armstrong was the first black man in the U.S. to host a radio show. [8][9][10], Armstrong was born in New Orleans to Mary Albert and William Armstrong. Many broadcast announcers, fans, and acquaintances called him "Louie" and in a videotaped interview from 1983 Lucille Armstrong calls her late husband "Louie" as well. [51], Armstrong returned to New York in 1929, where he played in the pit orchestra for the musical Hot Chocolates, an all-black revue written by Andy Razaf and pianist Fats Waller. [61] The sound of jazz, along with many other musicians such as Armstrong, helped shape Hughes as a writer. The influence of Armstrong on the development of jazz is virtually immeasurable. Louis Armstrong and his dedication to the Harlem Renaissance Louis Armstrong had a significant influence on jazz music and the Harlem Renaissance movement. [143], American jazz trumpeter, composer and singer. In 1937, Armstrong substituted for Rudy Vallee on the CBS radio network and became the first African American to host a sponsored, national broadcast. Louis Armstrong [1] (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), [2] nicknamed Satchmo [3] or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana. dentist; fitness; health; medicine; Home. The album sold very well for the rest of the year, quickly going "Gold" (500,000). Sidebar Related. Captain Joseph Jones ran the home like a military camp and used corporal punishment. "We Have All the Time in the World" was featured on the soundtrack of the James Bond film On Her Majesty's Secret Service, and enjoyed renewed popularity in the UK in 1994 when it featured on a Guinness advertisement. For the Record …. There he learned to play the cornet in a band, and playing music quickly became a passion. She had divorced her first husband a few years earlier. [28] His mother still lived in The Battlefield, leaving him open to old temptations, but he sought work as a musician. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. health . Definition of louis in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. His version of the song became his biggest selling record to date.[52]. The young Armstrong became popular through his ingenious ensemble lead and second cornet lines, his cornet duet passages (called “breaks”) with Oliver, and his solos. Excited as he was to be in Chicago, he began his career-long pastime of writing letters to friends in New Orleans. According to Thomas Brothers, recordings, such as "Struttin' with Some Barbeque," were so superb, "planned with density and variety, bluesyness, and showiness," that they were probably showcased at the Sunset Café. He used laxatives to control his weight, a practice he advocated both to acquaintances and in the diet plans he published under the title Lose Weight the Satchmo Way. It reached number 3 in the charts on being re-released. Selected discography. Look it up now! Holiday said that she always wanted Bessie Smith's 'big' sound and Armstrong's feeling in her singing. The lyrics of the song talk about the beautiful things of the world such as the blue skies, the beautiful colors of the rainbow, the warmth and friendlessness people show each other, the lovely cries of babies, etc. Louis Armstrong - United States pioneering jazz trumpeter and bandleader Satchmo, Armstrong He appeared in movies again, including Crosby's 1936 hit Pennies from Heaven. In the 1959 film The Five Pennies he played himself, sang, and played several classic numbers. Armstrong started to work at Connie's Inn in Harlem, chief rival to the Cotton Club, a venue for elaborately staged floor shows,[53] and a front for gangster Dutch Schultz. [83] His marriage to Parker ended when they separated in 1923. Encouraged by his wife, Armstrong quit Oliver’s band to seek further fame. Rodrigo 245 books view quotes : Jul 23, 2020 01:12PM . He also toured Africa, Europe, and Asia under the sponsorship of the US State Department with great success, earning the nickname "Ambassador Satch" and inspiring Dave Brubeck to compose his jazz musical The Real Ambassadors. He met the six-foot tall drummer Black Benny, who became his guide and bodyguard. Armstrong, Louis A twentieth-century African-American jazz trumpet player and singer. [127], Armstrong was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1972 by the Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Handy and Fats Waller. [97] The FBI kept a file on Armstrong for his outspokenness about integration. His influence upon Crosby is particularly important with regard to the subsequent development of popular music: Crosby admired and copied Armstrong, as is evident on many of his early recordings, notably "Just One More Chance" (1931). During the next 30 years, Armstrong played more than 300 performances a year. The albums feature many of Ellington's most famous compositions (as well as two exclusive cuts) with Duke sitting in on piano. Shortly afterward, Armstrong received an invitation to go to New York City to play with the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra, the top African-American band of the time. Early on he was also known as "Dipper", short for "Dippermouth", a reference to the piece Dippermouth Blues. 9), Louis Armstrong Hot Five and Hot Seven Sessions,, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven members, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Performing arts pages with videographic documentation, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Colored Waif's Home for Boys, Fisk School for Boys, Jimmie Rodgers (featuring Louis Armstrong), This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 21:19. A stupid person; it refers to the lack of surface area on an individual's brain. EJ 150 books view quotes : Jul 21, 2020 10:07AM. He also got into trouble. His performance of "Hello Dolly" won for best male pop vocal performance at the 1964 Grammy Awards. He did odd jobs for the Karnoffskys, a family of Lithuanian Jews. His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in the history of jazz.[3]. "Man, if you gotta ask you'll never know" - Louis Armstrong. Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans? Read more quotes from Louis Armstrong. Definition of louis in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Over a twelve-month period starting in November 1925, this quintet produced twenty-four records. Armstrong enjoyed many types of music, from blues to the arrangements of Guy Lombardo, to Latin American folksongs, to classical symphonies and opera. Clarence Armstrong was mentally disabled as the result of a head injury at an early age, and Armstrong spent the rest of his life taking care of him. Additionally, jazz itself was transformed from a collectively improvised folk music to a soloist's serious art form largely through his influence. Although he is usually listed as being a member of Montgomery Lodge No. Along with his "clarinet-like figurations and high notes in his cornet solos", he was also known for his "intense rhythmic 'swing', a complex conception involving ... accented upbeats, upbeat to downbeat slurring, and complementary relations among rhythmic patterns. Selected discography. As his reputation grew, he was challenged to cutting contests by other musicians. [ 30 ], Armstrong was one of the trumpet so powerfully that he had to choose between two. Muggles ''. [ 63 ] ej 150 books view quotes: Jul 21, 2020 [ email ]! Musician Louis Armstrong.It was short for `` Satchelmouth ''. 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