However, this comes at a steep ecological price, as dissolved carbon dioxide in seawater lowers the pH level of oceans, thereby increasing acidity and changing the biogeochemical carbonate balance. However, more than 20 per cent of countries have a low to medium level of implementation of such frameworks, particularly in Oceania and Central and South Asia. Two-thirds of participants indicated that they could not fully explain SDG 14 to others; SDG 14 by nature is “out-of-sight”, “out-of-mind”. These goals have the power to create a better world by 2030, by ending poverty, fighting inequality and addressing the urgency of climate change. 15.a. IOC-UNESCO is the custodian agency for the SDG 14.3.1 indicator. The Joint Roadmap was presented as a voluntary commitment by IOC-UNESCO and European Commission (#OceanAction15346) at the UN Ocean Conference. ... Progress in our region’s SIDS through sustainable tourism and fisheries are vital components of a global roadmap for an inclusive and sustainable future. The Targets are the following: (14.1) Reduce marine pollution (14.2) Protect and restore ecosystems (14.3) Reduce ocean acidification (14.4) Sustainable fishing A global survey and a three-day workshop in Senegal informed the handbook content. To promote small-scale fishers’ access to productive resources, services and markets, most countries have developed targeted regulatory and institutional frameworks. In addition, since river basins, marine ecosystems and the atmosphere are all part of hydrological systems, the effects of such pollution are often felt far from their source. Climate Change and European Emissions Trading – Lessons for Theory and Practice. Modelled indicators of the potential for coastal eutrophication (the Index of Coastal Eutrophication Potential (ICEP), based on analyzing nutrient load ratios and expected influence on eutrophication due to land based activities). SDG 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development The role of business Oceans face the threats of marine and nutrient pollution, resource depletion and climate change, all of which are caused primarily by human actions. The sustainability of global fishery resources continues to decline, though at a reduced rate, with the proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels at 65.8 per cent in 2017, down from 90 per cent in 1974 and 0.8 percentage point lower than 2015 levels. various SDGs, including SDG 14. The Sustainable Development Goals are a call for action by all countries – poor, rich and middle-income – to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. <br> Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology. The five large marine ecosystems most at risk from coastal eutrophication, according to a global comparative assessment undertaken in 2016 as part of the Transboundary Water Assessment Programme, are the Bay of Bengal, the East China Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, the North Brazil Shelf and the South China Sea. They are particularly crucial for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the global population in 2010. In order to build back better following the global pandemic, these gains need to be solidified and reinforced. Plastic ingested by biota (e.g. This indicator measures the … As billions of people depend on oceans for their livelihood and food source and on the transboundary nature of oceans, increased efforts and interventions are needed to conserve and sustainably use ocean resources at all levels. Page 14. The SDG Indicator 14.3.1 Methodology is now being introduced to researchers and data managers. Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing remains one of the greatest threats to sustainable fisheries, the livelihoods of those who depend upon them and marine ecosystems. For example, the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, the first international binding agreement to combat such fishing, entered into force in June 2016. New topics addressed in the questionnaire include ocean science capacity building and national infrastructures/activities related to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and in particular to SDG 14. During the workshop in November 2018, a team of co-authors, identified through the global survey, considered the MEL-related implications for and needs of SDG 14. The Ocean Conference 2017. 557. In terms of data and geospatial information, information to determine the percentage of total exclusive economic zones under any type of ecosystem-based management approaches has been collected, although it would require additional resources to ensure the comparison amongst the number of countries with marine, maritime or integrated coastal zone management plan in place. Related Goals. Goal 14. For further information, please contact: Katherina Schoo k.schoo(at)unesco.org; Kirsten Isensee k.isensee(at)unesco.org, SDG 14.a – Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries, SDG Indicator 14.a.1 (Tier II) - Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology. New agreement bolsters UN work on ocean observations, research and services, 31.01.2019 - Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, International Geoscience and Geoparks Programme, Executive Secretary, ADG of UNESCO for IOC, Improving measurement of Gender Equality in STEM, Women’s participation in policy-making processes, Biodiversity & Society, Culture and Ethics, Disaster Risk Reduction in UNESCO designated sites, Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network, United Nations’ Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators, UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. The sustainable use and preservation of marine and coastal ecosystems and their biological diversity is essential to achieving the 2030 Agenda, in particular for small island developing States. <br> Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels. GOAL 14 . Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters due to pollution and eutrophication. Ocean acidification is closely linked to shifts in the carbonate chemistry of the waters, which can lead to a significant weakening of the shells and skeletons of many marine species (such as reef-building corals and shelled molluscs). Over the past decade, major progress was made towards increasing access to education and school enrollment rates at all levels, particularly for girls. Small-scale fisheries face numerous challenges. IOC-UNESCO, UN Environment and the Regional Seas Conventions work in close collaboration. Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries Progress of goal 14 in 2016 Oceans, along with coastal and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development worldwide. Based on an analysis of assessed stocks, the percentage of world marine fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 69 per cent in 2013. SDG Goals Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development Oceans, seas and other marine resources are essential to … The GOSR-II will further provide the baseline information to track progress made to build capacities all over the world to reverse the cycle of decline in ocean health and create improved conditions for sustainable development of the ocean, seas and coasts over the period of the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030). By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans Here is the full list of definitions. In line with these methodological developments, IOC-UNESCO and the European Commission adopted on 24 March 2017 a "Joint Roadmap to accelerate Maritime/Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) processes worldwide". Progress towards these Targets is agreed to be tracked by 232 unique Indicators. A new ocean acidification data portal shows an increase in variability in pH and the acidity of the oceans by 10 to 30 per cent in the period 2015–2019. The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity, intensification of research capacity and increases in ocean science funding remain critically important to preserve marine resources. Moreover, marine life is being exposed to conditions outside previously experienced natural variability. Small-scale fisheries are present in almost all countries, accounting for more than half of total production on average, in terms of both quantity and value. The OIC call to action will offer grants between US$50,000 and $250,000 to scalable, replicable and transferable innovations that advance progress on SDG 14 targets. COAS. To accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal on oceans (SDG 14), the UN Development Programme (UNDP) has launched the Ocean Innovation Challenge (OIC). sea birds). Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 18. The development of the methodology for the SDG 14.2 Indicator started with a review of existing indicators and methodologies currently used by Regional Seas Programmes and other key intergovernmental, international and regional bodies that are a number of existing indicators for integrated management and planning strategies for socio-ecological systems. Mindful of the difficulty of the task for Member States and of the need to gather the broadest possible representation of countries, the deadline to contribute information through the online questionnaire has been extended to 15 February 2019. MEL for SDG 14 evolves as conditions and practices … By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information … The Methodology was presented to and welcomed by the IOC Executive Council during its 51st Session in Paris in July (Decision EC-LI/4.4). Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the ocean has absorbed about one third of the carbon dioxide released by human activities, thereby mitigating the full impact of climate change. We partner with ocean networks and decision-makers to combat overfishing (SDG 14.4), plastic pollution (SDG 14.1), and ocean warming and acidification (SDG 14.3, SDG 14.6). Author : PAMELA NERONHA Sustainable Investing Fellow There are 10 Targets and 10 Indicators for SDG 14. A request to all Member States for data collected according to the SDG Indicator 14.3.1 Methodology will begin in June 2019. The OIC call to action will offer grants between US$50,000 and $250,000 to scalable, replicable and transferable innovations that advance progress on SDG 14 targets. Progress on SDG 14 has been slow relative to other SDGs. Sustainable Development Goal 14 (Goal 14, SDG14 or SDG 14) – Life below water – is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. More information on the SDG14.1.1 indicator development process/methodology can be found here. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development Goal 14 Targets & Indicators; Progress; 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; The global indicator framework was developed by the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG … Target . The Ocean Conference 2020. About the Global SDG Indicator Platform . 1. A task force, which includes experts from IOC-UNESCO, the International Geosphere Biosphere Program (IGBP), and GESAMP, the UN Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection, supported by the Group on Earth Observation (GEO) Blue Planet, was established to provide the technical expertise during the course of the indicator methodology development. Its results, as well as the management and storage of ocean acidification data and metadata, were among the topics discussed at the expert working group meeting at IOC in October 2018, during which the need for a dedicated SDG Indicator 14.3.1 data portal was reiterated and confirmed. SDG 2 has 14 indicators to measure progress. understanding and accelerating progress towards SDG 14 through participatory MEL approaches. In May 2019 the Editorial Board will reconvene in Zanzibar, Tanzania, hosted by WIOMSA and supported by the Government of Flanders. By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution Pollution of both land and seas is a threat in many coastal regions. The increasingly adverse impacts of climate change (including ocean acidification), overfishing and marine pollution are jeopardizing recent gains in protecting portions of the world’s oceans. 17 Oct 2018 Webinar: COA on Ocean Acidification Wed 17 - Wed 17 Oct 2018. <br> Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches. They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and protecting coastal areas from flooding and erosion. Ultimately, overfishing impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity, with negative repercussions for sustainable social and economic development. To achieve sustainable development of fisheries, fish stocks must be maintained at a biologically sustainable level. Under nutrition causes wasting or severe wasting of 52 million children worldwide. <br> Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries. Globally, 1 in 9 people are undernourished, the vast majority of whom live in developing countries. Related Goals. In fact, SDG 14 directly builds on and aligns with the commitments agreed to under the Aichi Biodiversity Targets relating to marine and coastal biodiversity. Albertsons Companies, one of the largest US supermarket companies, announced its support for SDG 14 and also joined the Seafood Task Force. For further information, please contact: Henrik Enevoldsen h.enevoldsen(at)unesco.org, SDG 14.2 - By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans, SDG 14.2.1 Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches. It contributes to nearly half (45%) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children per year. Target 14.1. Visualisation(s) not yet available. Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems <br> Indicators. Subregional Office for the Pacific. A review of existing indicators and methodologies currently used highlights three main approaches for monitoring coastal eutrophication and marine litter. 15.a.1. There is optimism that with the latest dedicated goal of ocean conservation under the Sustainable Development Goals, companies will acknowledge the value and importance of our coastal areas and oceans. Workshops and meetings, such as the 5th IOC-WESTPAC Workshop on Research and Monitoring of the Ecological Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reef Ecosystems( November 2018, Xiamen, China) and the Latin American and Caribbean Regional Symposium and Advanced Training on Ocean Acidification Monitoring (January 2019, Santa Marta, Colombia) are the first of many upcoming trainings, where participants will learn how to apply the methodology. UN Environment is the custodian agency of this indicator and works in close collaboration with the Regional Seas Conventions and the IOC-UNESCO. To accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal on oceans (SDG 14), the UN Development Programme (UNDP) has launched the Ocean Innovation Challenge (OIC). Our program aims to fill the gaps in monitoring progress toward sustainability and build bridges between research and policymaking (SDG 14.A). Overfishing reduces food production, impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity. Countries are making progress in implementing programmatic, legislative and accounting principles to protect biodiversity and ecosystems. <br> Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas. SDG 14. Globally, in 2014, 8.4 per cent of the marine environment under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore) and 0.25 per cent of the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction were under protection. Fortunately, the downward trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized since 2008. 14. Related Goals . Introduction With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, countries have commited to ^pursue policy coherence and an enabling environment for sustainable development at all levels and by all actors _. Biodiverse marine sites require safeguarding to ensure sustainable long-term use of their precious natural resources. In many coastal communities, pollution and eutrophication, which is the presence of excessive nutrients in water, frequently owing to runoff from the land, causing dense plant growth and the death of animal life, are driving detrimental changes. Resources. Equally important is the need to foster awareness of the interconnections between people and the natural world to ensure more balanced coexistence. 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