Dong X, Milholland B, Vijg J. The studied parameters regrouped the countries associated with Covid-19 highest death rates on the right of the horizontal axis. The vagaries of public support for government actions in case of a pandemic. Police in Australia have been given a range of powers to protect state boundaries; ensure restrictions on public gatherings; to enforce quarantine for people returning from overseas or who have been diagnosed with or in contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19; to enforce closure of non-essential businesses and to limit access to residential aged care facilities (66). (2020). Posts about Public Health written by Frontiers Science Communications, Frontiers Communications, Emma Duncan, Michelle Ponto, taniapernesfrontiers, and vlsnewman Data on Influenza Vaccines Detailed by Researchers at Chinese University of Hong Kong. (2019). El Helou N, Tafflet M, Berthelot G, Tolaini J, Marc A, Guillaume M, et al. My regular contributor Smut Clyde will tell you below how some anti-vaccine scare-mongers managed to sneak in some rather dangerous works thanks to Frontiers’ unofficial “we don’t judge, we just charge” quasi-policy. With an epidemiological transition toward more prevalent chronic diseases, countries with high life expectancy have also increased concurrent risks, restraining their adaptability margins. DHHS . doi: 10.1136/bmj.m1066, 19. Identifying the needs of different population groups, and ideal ways to communicate with them in order to maximize compliance with government public health messages, is paramount and further research is needed in the context of COVID-19 (11, 30). Further, local governments (councils) in two Australian states (Victoria and South Australia) have a legislative responsibility for public health creating a third level of governance (65). The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2020.604339/full#supplementary-material. Understanding the perceived logic of care by vaccine-hesitant and vaccine-refusing parents: a qualitative study in Australia. Each point represents the Covid-19 mortality rate of a country or a state, according to its latitude. Beaglehole R, Epping-Jordan J, Patel V, Chopra M, Ebrahim S, Kidd M, et al. Results are considered significant at p < 0.05. Within the pandemic-trust literature, this has contributed to a focus on trust in government (42, 50, 51), healthcare industry (42), public health organizations (6, 42, 54, 55), communicators of public health messages (22, 52, 56), and the communicated messages themselves (57). Supplementary Figure 1. Campbell JP, Turner JE. (2014) 32:2007–15. Food Control. 67. Dryhurst S, Schneider CR, Kerr J, Freeman ALJ, Recchia G, van der Bles AM, et al. Cava MA, Fay KE, Beanlands HJ, McCay EA, Wignall R. Risk perception and compliance with quarantine during the SARS outbreak. Berthelot G, Bar-Hen A, Marck A, Foulonneau V, Douady S, Noirez P, et al. |, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.604339, https://github.com/CSSEGISandData/COVID-19, http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=POP&f=tableCode%3A22, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/367.html, https://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.LE00.IN, http://ghdx.healthdata.org/gbd-results-tool, https://www.bsg.ox.ac.uk/research/research-projects/coronavirus-government-response-tracker, https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2020.604339/full#supplementary-material, http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4020-8356-3_33, https://www.quae.com/produit/1135/9782759219452/l-homme-peut-il-s-adapter-a-lui-meme, Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). A Health Viral Respiratory Disease Pandemic Response Plan Adelaide. Health Affairs. J Nurs Scholarship.
32. The original contributions presented in the study are included in the article/Supplementary Materials, further inquiries can be directed to the corresponding author/s. The public's health and safety is paramount to pandemic management, but, unlike food regulation, successful management only occurs if a critical mass adopts the recommended behavioral strategies (9) such as handwashing and social distancing to reduce spreading. Publishing in peer-reviewed scientific journals is the cornerstone of academic assessment and the gold standard for communication of research findings. These include ways in which pandemic management differs from food safety but also issues reacted to governance. This can result in public confusion and frustration if advice and actions are different. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glu130, 8. Daily environmental data (temperature, humidity, and UV index) were collected via the Darsky website (https://darksky.net/). 2020. Mayor E, Eicher V, Bangerter A, Gilles I, Clémence A, Green EG. doi: 10.1007/s40279-015-0347-2, 10. *Correspondence: Annabelle Wilson, email@example.com, Front. doi: 10.1177/1084822306294483, 35. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.03.017, 32. Frontiers in Plant Science is the world’s most-cited Plant Sciences journal & ranks in the top Impact Factor and CiteScore percentiles. This recognizes that rather than being passive or neutral receivers of public health advice, the public function as active constructors of risk, and may construct risk in ways that might be perceived as irrational or ignorant by public health officials (14, 15). Tonkin E, Wilson AM, Coveney J, Meyer SB, Henderson J, McCullum D, et al. The model identified ten strategies for maintaining and building trust in food regulation that may be adapted as a means of developing or maintaining public trust in and compliance with public health risk mitigation strategies. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013350, 17. For these analyzes, we used the absolute value of latitude, representing the deviation from latitude 0. Bangerter A. Organizing predatory conferences is another strategy evolved by the predators to exploit science and take money from the young and new researchers who have little information about pseudoscience. Work on describing and evaluating public health interventions are also within our scope. J Risk Res. Deviations from Tmax and Hmax were used for the multifactorial analysis of death rates with temperature and humidity. Both sexes and all age classes were taken into account. Research published in Frontiers in Public Health estimates that 91% adult Americans are ‘overfat’ - a term defined as having excess body fat sufficient to impair health. Olshansky SJ, Passaro DJ, Hershow RC, Layden J, Carnes BA, Brody J, et al. Modeling the worldwide spread of pandemic influenza: baseline case and containment interventions. Frontiers. Debunking the myth of exercise-induced immune suppression: redefining the impact of exercise on immunological health across the lifespan. An integral aspect of publishing is selecting a journal that is of appropriate topic and scope, respected among other researchers in the discipline, and widely indexed and accessible to readers to permit effective dissemination of the work. During pandemics, responsibility for management falls to government working in consort with public health officials and the health professions. Frontiers in Public Health IF is decreased by a factor of 0.04 and approximate percentage change is -2.33% when compared to preceding year 2017, which shows a falling trend. Popul Dev Rev. A recent poll found that both Democrats and Republicans express diminishing trust in the President with only 23% of respondents expressing high levels of trust in COVID-19 information given by the President (58). Factors in vaccination intention against the pandemic influenza A/H1N1. Public Health 8:604339. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.604339. Moving toward higher life expectancy will therefore expose greater proportions of people to high mortality rates, especially when facing mass threats or when environment conditions largely evolves. Oni T, McGrath N, BeLue R, Roderick P, Colagiuri S, May CR, et al. Dentith M. Conspiracy Theories Q Cassam. Conclusion: Countries that already experienced a stagnation or regression of life expectancy, with high income and NCD rates, had the highest price to pay. Frontiers publishers. In contrast to these coercive approaches, behavior change may also be achieved through a form of public self-governance created through the moralization of public behavior. The Lausanne-based publishing house Frontiers, founded by the neuroscientists Henry and Kamila Markram, has been recently added to the Beall’s Listof potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers. Processes such as social isolation and social distancing in contrast, are associated with identifiable economic risk both for the country and for the individual. Status Publisher Keeper From To Updated Extent of archive; Archived. The death rate from Covid-19 is not correlated with this axis. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.162537. Olshansky SJ, Carnes BA. A common dynamics has been observed, but its propagation has not been homogeneous over each continent. There is no significant correlation with the deviation from optimum humidity (r = 0.03, p = 0.52), the containment and health index (r = 0.07, p = 0.51), the original stringency index (r = 0.07, p = 0.36), and population size (r = −0.05, p = 0.35). Xu C, Kohler TA, Lenton TM, Svenning J-C, Scheffer M. Future of the human climate niche. The first phase involved 105 interviews with key stakeholders (food regulators, food industry representatives, and media actors) across three countries (Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom). The section welcomes outstanding contributions on factors that drive healthy or unhealthy development or ageing from early life onwards. A point of difference between pandemic management and food regulation is that failure to follow public health directives has implications beyond the individual and their immediate families. The importance of public health agency independence: marcellus shale gas drilling in Pennsylvania. Government of South Australia. Goldstein BD. Of course, I said. A Practical Guide to Photovoice: Sharing pictures, Telling Stories and Changing Communities. In order to support the adaption of a model of trust-building strategies relevant to food crises to trust-building in the context of epidemics and pandemics (as crises of infectious disease), there needs to be an explicit examination of assumptions made about the concept of trust and the socio-political context of trust. In the PCA, the first axis shows a strong correlation between Covid-19 death rates and countries inside the [25/65°] latitudinal strip, while the third axis reveals two correlations with Covid-19 death rates: one with longitude, a second one with obesity. J Risk Res. A blue circle indicates that the variable is negatively correlated, a red circle indicates that the variable is positively correlated. (2018) 13:1158–68. Frontiers in Public Health 2, 1–12 (2014). Lausanne, Switzerland Winnipeg, MB: Prairie Women's Health Network. Further, the abundance of messaging and misinformation available makes it critical that credible sources, such as public health messaging, are trusted in order to counter mis- and disinformation that may be harmful (5). The Cambridge Handbook of Social Representations. Our community needs more venues to publish in, Digital Humanities has a commitment to open access, and having helped set up an online, peer revie… Monitoring the level of government trust, risk perception and intention of the general public to adopt protective measures during the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in the Netherlands. Covid-19 has prompted a wide range of responses from governments around the world, yet the contagion and mortality curves are very homologous among countries (33). Referencing books, youtube videos, websites, articles, journals, podcasts, images, videos, or music in Frontiers in Public Health. doi: 10.1016/j.crvi.2004.09.009, 14. Place and cause of death in centenarians: a population-based observational study in England, 2001 to 2010. Figure 4. Liao Q, Cowling B, Lam WT, Ng MW, Fielding R. Situational awareness and health protective responses to pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in Hong Kong: a cross-sectional study. The parameter d controls the height of the asymptote of the curve. (2006) 3:13. doi: 10.2202/1547-7355.1233, 14. Competing risks must be balanced by government in lifting restrictions. Number of deaths as of August 31th, 2020, number of theoretical deaths according to our model as of August 31th, 2020 and number of deaths estimated at the end of the first epidemic wave according to our model for each country included in the analysis. This is particularly important where difficult and disruptive actions (e.g., social distancing, closure of small businesses, postponement of non-essential medical procedures) are likely to generate controversy and strong emotional responses from the public (30), raising questions of whether risk assessment and mitigation strategies communicated by government and public health authorities should be trusted, and therefore enacted. One hundred and sixty countries were included in the study (Supplementary Table 1), accounting for a total of 846,395 deaths due to Covid-19 up to the study end point (31th August 2020). However, a previous period of propagation has probably started in the summer or fall of 2019. This prevalence is based on self-reported physical activity captured using the GPAQ (Global Physical Activity Questionnaire), the IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), or a similar questionnaire covering activity at work/in the household, for transport, and during leisure time. Bish A, Michie Demographic S and attitudinal determinants of protective behaviours during a pandemic: a review. This has been the case during the current COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. The principal component analysis as well as the correlation matrix with the estimated data are presented in Supplementary Figures 1–3. (2019) 101:112–20. Polynomial regression was used for the relationship between the number of deaths per 100,000 inhabitants according to temperature (R2 = 0.21) and humidity (R2 = 0.05) (Figure 3). Disease Prevention Week. A fourth strategy is being proactive.
21:1117–30. Adelaide: SA Health (2020). Infection balance and human resilience supported by local species equilibrium may be impaired as a result. The maximum of the derivative of this function was used to determine PP in each country. 68. For instance, the 2003 heatwave killed 30,000 to 50,000 people in Europe and 15,000 in France (13, 27), 80% of them being elderly people. This can all impact on public trust because it brings complexity and uncertainty into play. Am J Public Health. Popul Stud. Following the 2009 H1N1 (swine flu) pandemic there was evidence of an observed decline in public trust in medical organizations, the government, the World Health Organization, and pharmaceutical industry in Switzerland (42). Instructions: first, find the journal’s publisher – it is usually written at the bottom of the journal’s webpage or in the “About” section.Then simply enter the publisher’s name or its URL in the search box above. Copyright © 2020 De Larochelambert, Marc, Antero, Le Bourg and Toussaint. To study the relationship between environmental variables and the Covid-19 mortality rate, we carried out a linear (y = α.x+β) and a two-degree polynomial (y=α1.x+ α2.x2+β) analysis, taking into account the notion of physiological optima (21) through an optimized link between thermodynamics and physiology/pathology (parameters of air-borne diseases such as influenza also show a maximal transmission rate for a specific range of ambient temperatures–20). Henderson J, Dawson S, Fuller J, O'Kane D, Gerace A, Oster C, et al. Survey research conducted in the US in February 2020 found that 69% of participants favored public health leadership (either Centers for Disease Control or National Institutes for Health) over political leadership of the pandemic response (19). 15
These are the high income countries with a high LE but a low progression of it, high sedentarity, obesity, high deviation from latitude 0 and low longitude (Asian countries have a high longitude, while it is negative in the Americas). The crucial link between a hazard—or external threat—and a disaster is illustrated by the notion of vulnerable populations (22). doi: 10.1017/dmp.2014.124, 22. In late June 2016, the journal published an article in support of the bizarre and demonstrably false claim that the trails shed by jets consist not of ice crystals, as is the case, but coal fly ash, a harmful pollutant. Bangerter A, Krings F, Mouton A, Gilles I, Green EG, Clemence A. Longitudinal investigation of public trust in institutions relative to the 2009. 31. 2013. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30285-0, 29. Olshansky SJ, Carnes BA. For countries that have not yet finished the first epidemic phase, a prospective model has been computed to provide options of death rates evolution. (2014) 14:575. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-575, 20. The cloud of individuals on the first factorial plane is presented in the Supplementary Figure 5. Berthelot G, Sedeaud A, Marck A, Antero-Jacquemin J, Schipman J, Saulière G, et al. Carney T, Bennett B. Framing pandemic management: new governance, science or culture? PCA first factorial plane: axis 1 is horizontal; axis 2 is vertical. (2018) 22:1031–7. For a better visualisation in mobile or tablet, please turn it horizontal. Governments and public health officials produce pandemic response plans which guide government action and communication to the public. The main recorded variants however did not appear to produce such a difference on mortality (38). Experiencing a recent phase of stagnation, nations encounter intrinsic and extrinsic limits: plateauing has been demonstrated in the progression of life expectancy (5–7), adult height (8), or physiological maxima (9, 10). Inconvenient truths about human longevity. Both were characterized by the barycenter of the country (GPS coordinates). Researchers on social media have been split by the decision of academic librarian Jeffrey Beall to add the Frontiers journals to his ‘blacklist’ of “questionable publishers”. The design of this study aimed to draw a global description of the Covid-19 mortality and its associations with several major parameters. Copyright © 2020 Henderson, Ward, Tonkin, Meyer, Pillen, McCullum, Toson, Webb, Coveney and Wilson. Alonge O, Sonkarlay S, Gwaikolo W, Fahim C, Cooper JL, Peters DH. Predatory journals (PJ) exploit the open-access model promising high acceptance rate and fast track publishing without proper peer review. Front Public Health; Frontiers in Public Health Vols. High temperature and UV levels are associated with low death rates such that northern and western countries pay the most severe toll to Covid-19. It is out of scope to speculate on any cause-effect relation. Out of the many environmental options, human populations have concentrated in the most favorable development niche, characterized by a local mean annual temperature around 11–15°C (1), corresponding to a narrow latitude strip. Yang J, Zheng Y, Gou X, Pu K, Chen Z, Guo Q, et al. Trust in public health officials and the information they provide is essential for the public uptake of preventative strategies to reduce the transmission of COVID-19. In the plains of that strip, the highest life expectancies have been experienced by the populations and most of the human longevity maxima have been recorded (2), showing that the niche coincides with and allows for the highest capacities of the human physiological development (1) and wealth creation, associated with elevated gross domestic product (GDP) (3, 4). J Homeland Secur Emerg Manag. Frontiers annihilated Beall’s list and the entire concept of potential predatory publishers, after Beall dared to place the Swiss publisher on his now defunct list. J Exp Biol. This study has focused on the explosive sub-exponential phase of Covid-19 epidemic in each country. (2020). (2009). (2014) 104:e13–5. Aupers S. ‘Trust no one': modernization, paranoia and conspiracy culture. The balance between the prior demographic, environmental, economic, health, or social factors in each nation may partially determine Covid-19 mortality rates, as well as the efforts made by governments to contain the pandemic. Was this decision justified? Fakhry AbdelMassih A, Ghaly R, Amin A, Gaballah A, Kamel A, Heikal B, et al. They appear as “Neoplasms death rate,” “CV and MD death rate,” and “Infectious diseases death rate.”. (2020) 323:1061–9. NIH. For example, following the 2009 H1N1 pandemic in New Zealand, members of vulnerable populations expressed a need for governments and health officials to communicate specific actions that they could take to protect themselves and their families from infection, suggesting that public values of self-protection were driving behavior change amongst vulnerable groups (22). There is also evidence from previous epidemics, that some population groups place greater trust in informal sources of information (such as social media) rather than formal sources such as public health organizations, resulting in greater levels of worry (16). Available from: https://infographics.channelnewsasia.com/covid-19/map.html [accessed May 26, 2020). doi: 10.1080/13669877.2020.1756385, 41. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. (2009) 99:S243–S8. Supplementary Figure 5. Supplementary Table 1. (2016) 5:e13410. Results are the same with estimated data and actual data. Obese communities among the best predictors of COVID-19-related deaths. In the United States, for example, partisan news reporting by Fox News contributed to rejection of Centers of Disease Control recommendations (40). As a consequence, societies seem to face reduced margins of adaptability (2, 10, and become more susceptible to new constraints. The publisher Frontiers, for example, is an open-access, all-digital imprint that produces many journals, and which as of 2016 was on Beall’s list of predatory publishers, 4 although some dispute the classification, 5 as some dispute the legitimacy of Beall’s list—which was taken down in early 2017 6 —altogether. Nature. Effective performance in management of other public health issues may increase trust in health governance prior to pandemics. Grand challenges in chronic non-communicable diseases. To be fair, Frontiers are still defended by a much bigger number of scientists who see the advantage of having a reliable business partner who will publish … Health Policy. Evidence for a limit to human lifespan. The geographical coordinates corresponding to the barycenter of each country were retrieved thanks to the package rgeos in the R software. In considering the public, trust-enhancing activities must be cognizant of and respond to such public values. It has been supported by state governments in this. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2017.1320702, 63. The Swiss publishing business Frontiers was placed by the US librarian Jeffrey Beall on his well-known and hotly disputed list as “potential, possible or probable predatory publisher”. Brown argues that this decision is often informed by political ideology rather than public health. PLoS ONE. The future of human longevity. 7 The publisher reportedly accepts for publication nearly 90 percent of the manuscripts it … The International Journal of Public Health transitions to Open Access. Furthermore, trust in government has been associated with adherence to recommended protective behaviors and the intention to accept vaccination regardless of what authorities actually did to manage the risk of infection (4–6, 9). Res. Likewise, each state in the USA and each region in China was analyzed with its own latitude and longitude [as reported on the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)] for the environmental analysis. Finally, when a polynomial regression was determined for environmental variables, the deviation from the maximal value was used to test the association with Covid mortality. H1N1 pandemic in Switzerland. Support from the Internet for Individuals with Mental Disorders: Advantages and Disadvantages of e-Mental Health Service Delivery Moock, J. Improving access to, use of, and outcomes from public health programs: the importance of building and maintaining trust with patients/clients. (2020) 248:112824. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.112824. Therefore, the death rate appears not to be linked with the responses of governments. Results are the same with estimated data and actual data. Trends in future health financing and coverage: future health spending and universal health coverage in 188 countries, 2016-40. Antero-Jacquemin JS, Berthelot G, Marck A, Noirez P, Latouche A, Toussaint J-F, et al. During a public health crisis, such as COVID-19, we are acutely aware of the connections between social justice, public health and innovation—especially in communities with vast disparities, such as those in Alaska where Tim Struna, MPH, RN, practices. The Australian Health Management Plan for Pandemic Influenza is for example, based upon four phases: preparation (e.g., establishing relationships, monitoring; ensuring resources are available for rapid response); standby (e.g., communication to raise public awareness); action (e.g., health care and public health responses) and stand-down (e.g., resumption of previous activities and monitoring) (37). (2019) 2019:1363459319886112. doi: 10.1177/1363459319886112, 30. During a pandemic situation, the foremost indicator of countries health fragility may be seen in the proportion of older people (who were the SARS-CoV-2 major target), given the ineluctable diminished performances and resilience with age (23). Covid-19 mortality is expressed in numbers in the top figures and in rates in the bottom figures. Complete, comprehensive guide shows you how easy citing any source can be as. V, Bangerter a, Marck a, antero-jacquemin J, McCullum D, Pramming,... 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Biological structure and Organization disasters ' and the column variables, peer reviewed journal in Digital scholars!: 15 September 2020 ; Published: 14 July 2020 Status Publisher Keeper from to Updated Extent of archive Archived! Responsibility and negative responses: a population-based observational study in England, 2001 2010. Toward north management of other public health Vols cross on the article which the!: axis 1 is horizontal ; axis 3 is vertical Google Scholar, 4 are to! Mortality rates were mostly observed in the article/Supplementary Material, further inquiries can be directed to the corresponding.! As “ Neoplasms death rate see Section Methods—Data collection ) in pandemic management policies—A hazard analysis the! Margins of adaptability ( 2, 4 the manuscript logarithm on the article fruitful discussion Covid-19 epidemic level! Truman BI, Merlin TL, Redd SC are latitudinally located over the parallel! Contribution and approved the final manuscript margins of adaptability ( 2, 4, 5.! The multi-layered risk of death from Covid-19 ( 20 ) rate, ” and “ Infectious frontiers in public health predatory death rate...