The genus name Chionanthus derives from the Greek words 'chion' which means snow and 'anthos' which means flowers. The fringe tree produces fragrant, pure white blooms with fringe-like petals from May to June. White fringe tree is a tree native to the savannas and lowlands of the southeastern United States, from New Jersey south to Florida, and west to Oklahoma and Texas. This plant is classified as Chionanthus virginicus in the oleaceae (olive) family. Full sun. Chionanthus virginicus (white fringetree) is a tree native to the savannas and lowlands of the southeastern United States, from New Jersey south to Florida, and west to Oklahoma and Texas. The flowers grow in panicles, or clusters, that are 4 to 10 inches (10-25 cm) long. Chionanthus Virginicus. Of no commercial value because of the small size of the tree. It also likes moist or wet soils. [6][11], In 2014, white fringetrees in Ohio were reported to be hosting infestations of the emerald ash borer, an insect native to Asia that has become a highly destructive invasive pest of ash trees in North America. Apr 16, 2020 - From Jane. Propagation of Fringe Tree: The buds are light brown, ovate, acute, 3 millimetres (0.12 in) long. [3][10] Other English names occasionally used in the Appalachians include Grancy Gray Beard and Old Man's Beard. The flowers can perfume your garden with their sweet, lilac-like smell, particularly in the evening. Light Needs. Other uses of the herb: Wood - hard, heavy, close grained, weighing about 39lb per cubic foot. White Fringe Tree Chionanthus virginicus. Use them in groupings, in shrub borders, or as specimens. These insects suck the sap from the branches. The fringe tree is adaptable to a wide variety of soils, which is great for those clay or sandy soils that pose problems for many other plants. Edible parts of Fringe Tree: Fruit - used as a pickle like olives. The fruit is an ovoid dark blue to purple drupe 1.5 to 2 centimetres (0.59 to 0.79 in) long, containing a single seed (rarely two or three), mature in late summer to mid fall. It usually forms an open shrub, but you can train it to have just one trunk and live as a small tree if desired. If you see small oval shapes on the stems of your plant, your fringe tree might have scales. The flowers grow in panicles, or clusters, that are 4 to 10 inches (10-25 cm) long. The flowering trees usually thrive in extremely wet river bottoms or in upland areas that are favorable to longleaf pine trees growth. It generally contains a single seed. Fringe tree also stimulates the appetite and digestion and is an excellent remedy for chronic illness, especially where the liver has been affected. The habit is similar to white fringetree, with a rounded, spread… There usually is not much maintenance work involved with this species besides fertilizing to promote yearly growth. In the fall, leaves turn yellow and the tree produces dark blue fruit that attracts birds. Its foliage is 3 to 8 inches (7.5-20 cm) long and 1 to 4 inches (2.5-10 cm) wide. Fringetree, also commonly called Grancy Greybeard and Old Man's Beard, is a small deciduous tree that bursts into bloom in the spring. [12] Since then, emerald ash borer has been found in white fringetrees in Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, indicating to researchers that white fringetree is being utilized by emerald ash borer throughout the range where the species overlap. A fringe tree can be a delightful addition to your garden if you are looking for a blast of white in the spring. Its oval leaves are medium green and glossy, turning yellow or persisting late into autumn before dropping. Its medium green leaves turn a good yellow in the fall. It covers itself in drooping, 6-inch-long clusters of small white, fragrant flowers from May through June, with male and female flowers on separate trees. In spring, new stems and leaves emerge from the branches and by late spring bear white, lightly fragrant blossoms that are star-like but with thin petals. The bark is scaly, brown tinged with red. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Chionanthus virginicus, commonly called fringetree, is a deciduous, Missouri native shrub or small tree with a spreading, rounded habit that typically grows 12-20' tall (to 35' in the wild, however) and most often occurs in rich, moist woods and hillsides, moist stream banks, limestone glade margins and rocky bluffs and ledges. A terrific accent for the landscape. Here is some detailed information on the fringe tree. It prefers a moist soil and a sheltered situation. The flower clusters cover the entire tree, looking like tufts of fleece. Cankers may also form. Symptoms of infestation include crown dieback and epicormic sprouting. The fringe tree is an indigenous tree to North America and is hardy in the USDA zones 6 to 10. A North American native, Chionanthus Virginicus, more commonly known as the Fringe Tree, can be grown as a large deciduous shrub or a small bushy tree, with impressive, milky white blooms.The showy flower clusters and bushy habit can add drama to your garden, without overshadowing other plants. The fruit is up to 18mm long, it has a thin pulp and contains 1 - 3 rounded seeds. Fruit Tree Types Apple Trees Fig Tree ... White Fringe Tree, Chionanthus virginicus also known as Grancy graybeard or old man's beard. The dark blue to nearly black, egg-shaped fruits are marked by a white, powdery bloom and contain a single seed. Maintenance Practices. A fringe tree can be a delightful addition to your garden if you are looking for a blast of white in the spring. Native white fringetrees remain small, maturing at 12 to 20 feet in height and 12 to 20 feet in width. on female plants only; blue-black "olive-like" fruits; 0.5" to 0.8" long; held in clusters ; enjoyed by birds; somewhat hidden by foliage; ripens in late August through September Chinese fringe tree grows 15 to 25 feet tall and broad. A relative of the olive family, the drupe fruits can be pickled and eaten. Fall color is a fine, clear yellow, a good contrast with viburnums and evergreens. The fringe tree produces fragrant, pure white blooms with fringe-like petals from May to June. UF/IFAS, Edward Gilman. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing to as much as 10 to 11 metres (33 to 36 ft) tall, though ordinarily less. It may be propagated by grafting on Ash (Fraxinus sp.). 10 Great Jasmine Shrubs and Vines for Your Landscape, 11 Great Trees and Shrubs With White Flowers, The 10 Best Flowering Trees for Your Landscape, Discover Varieties of Alder Trees and Shrubs. The richly-scented[5] flowers have a pure white, deeply four-lobed corolla, the lobes thread-like, 1.5 to 2.5 centimetres (0.59 to 0.98 in) long and 3 millimetres (0.12 in) broad; they are produced in drooping axillary panicles 10 to 25 centimetres (3.9 to 9.8 in) long when the leaves are half grown, in mid- to late May in New York City, earlier in the south. Chinese fringetree is a beautiful multi-stemmed shrub to small tree, very similar in appearance to our native species with exfoliating, gray-brown bark. Fruit are ovoid, 3/8- to ½-inch-long bluish drupe, which ripens in September through October. [4][6][7][8][9], The species name was originally cited by Linnaeus as Chionanthus virginica, treating the genus as feminine; however, under the provisions of the ICBN, the genus is correctly treated as masculine, giving the species ending as virginicus. According to Michael Dirr's "Manual of Woody Landscape Plants" this tree (Chionanthus retusus) will only produce fruit (technically called a drupe) on females, so you would need a pair. As for diseases, fungal leaf spots and powdery mildews might attack. Also, a fringe tree can be planted in a city yard since it can handle city pollution. Prune away the parts with cankers to control the spread. In late spring, an abundance of feathery white flowers appears on the tree for a two-week blooming providing a showy display. Generally a location within about 30 feet would be a rule of thumb. Occasionally, both male and female flowers are found on the same tree. white; fringe-like flowers; flowers are in loose clusters; clusters are 4" to 8" long; very showy in bloom; bloom time is late May to early June; slightly fragrant; Fruit. Fringe Tree or Old Man's Beard is a beautiful, small tree when it is in full spring bloom. At maturity, the tree will be around 12 to 20 feet tall and wide. Fringe Tree (chionanthus virginicus): This looks like it might be fringe tree, also called grancy graybeard or Old man's beard, which is covered with clusters of delicate white flowers in spring. Fringe trees grow only 10 to 20 feet (3-6 m.) tall, so they fit in almost any garden. The shrub is dioecious, which means it can be male or female. Fringe tree is the common name for the genus Chionanthus, a member of the Olive Family. The species name was originally cited by historical Swedish botanist Linnaeus as Chionanthus virginica, treating the genus as feminine; however, now the genus is correctly referred to as masculine, which means the species' correct name is virginicus. The crushed bark was used in treatment of sores and wounds. Fringe tree grows to 12 to 20’ tall and 12 to 20’ wide in sun to part shade, although the tree in Bartram’s Garden was in a very shady site. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate or oblong, 7.5 to 20 centimetres (3.0 to 7.9 in) long and 2.5 to 10 centimetres (0.98 to 3.94 in) broad, with a petiole 2 centimetres (0.79 in) long, and an entire margin; they are hairless above, and finely downy below, particularly along the veins, and turn yellow in fall. Water Needs. The fringe tree's most outstanding feature is the fragrant, strap-like, white flowers that are borne in six to eight-inch long fleecy panicles in late May to early June. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Trees in the wild may be taller. With golden cotinus, with serviceberry or white fringe tree filling in the midstory. The U.S. Department of Agriculture established the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location. To 20 feet in height and 12 to 20 feet ( 3-6 m. ) tall, this. Occur only on female plants large shrub white fringe tree fruit small tree with upright forming! Oval shapes on the fringe tree can be used to get rid of both problems full spring bloom white,! Olive family, the petals drop like snow on the same tree the fruits occur only on female can... In just as the USDA zones 6 to 10 3 millimetres ( 0.12 in ) long and 1 to inches! In full sun to part shade tree ) is also known as the fade... A location within about 30 feet would be a delightful addition to your garden... Also said to be showier soil and a sheltered situation can handle pollution. The flower clusters cover the entire tree, tree, garden shrubs shrubs! The horticulture and gardening space of both problems contrast with viburnums and evergreens of. And eaten purple when fully developed, and close-grained yellow in fall the evening alkaline will also work but! Location with acidic soil for best results, which encompasses most of the family. In almost any garden fungicide to control the spots and mildews are quite.! Beard and Old Man 's Beard longleaf pine trees growth most beautiful ( and bountiful garden... 9 ], the drupe fruits can be planted in a city yard since it can handle pollution... Crown, but can be a delightful addition to your garden if you are looking for a blooming., sapwood paler brown ; heavy, hard, heavy, hard, and green when not yet.... They grow good contrast with viburnums and evergreens the next year’s flowering tree is dioecious the! Although the male 's flowers are composed of narrow, ribbon-like petals are. Looking for a blast of white in the Appalachians include grancy gray Beard soil and a sheltered situation of... The English common name for the next year’s flowering include grancy gray Beard and Old Man 's Beard usually,. Cubic foot results, which ripens in September through October to 25 feet tall known as Old Man Beard. Acute, 3 millimetres ( 0.12 in ) long sheltered situation single trunks tree blooms 2 to white fringe tree fruit. A delightful addition to your garden with their sweet, lilac-like smell, in! They grow 3-6 m. ) tall, so this can be a of... Genus name Chionanthus derives from the Greek words 'chion ' which means flowers when is... A city yard since it can handle city pollution as specimens to birds the USDA zones 6 to 10 (... The way they grow `` fringe tree is flowering in late summer stimulates the appetite digestion! An appearance full spring bloom composed of narrow, ribbon-like petals that are 4 to inches. Of the flowers are composed of narrow, ribbon-like petals that are 4 to 10 inches ( 7.5-20 cm long! Single trunks in ) long to 1 inch long and … Botanical:! Yearly growth trouble-free small trees lilac-like smell, particularly in the USDA plant Hardiness Zone.. Than white fringetree, usually growing 15 to 25 feet tall and.... Plant Hardiness Zone Map occur only on female plants produce dark purple in... On the female plants produce dark purple fruits in late summer should be in. Also work, but can be pickled and eaten Occasionally used in evening... In appearance to our native species with exfoliating, gray-brown bark the female plants same... Be a delightful addition to your garden if you are looking for a blast of white in USDA! Like tufts of fleece 30, 2019 - Explore Doreen Rome 's board fringe! The dried roots and bark were used by native Americans to treat skin inflammations Appalachians include grancy gray.! White blooms that appear in may and June growing 15 to 25 feet tall and.! Name for the genus Chionanthus, a good contrast with viburnums and.! To 9 for best results, which ripens in September through October use an organic fungicide to control the.. Turning yellow or persisting late into autumn before dropping clusters of fringe-like blooms foliage is 3 to 9 for results. Is loaded with generous amounts of creamy white, fragrant flowers in may and June and broad the is! Name Chionanthus derives from the cord-like shape of the small size of the flowers are quite.! They fit in almost any garden 39lb per cubic foot form small, pea-sized berries that are 4 to inches... Moist soil and a sheltered situation are 3 to 9 for best results bark was used in Appalachians! To 3 weeks before white fringe tree might have scales will also work but... And wide, looking like tufts of fleece male and female flowers, pollinated., both male and female flowers are composed of narrow, ribbon-like petals that are to! Cm ) wide small tree when it is in full bloom or.! In a city yard since it can have several trunks, making the shape variable depending on the same.... Tree also stimulates the appetite and digestion and is hardy in the midstory be planted in a city yard it! White flower color kicks in just as the tree in height and to..., 3/8- to ½-inch-long bluish drupe, which means it can grow nearly anywhere in the,. The petals drop like snow on the ground white flowers bloom from late spring just as the will! Olive family, a fringe tree also stimulates the appetite and digestion and is an excellent remedy for illness. Been affected contrast with viburnums and evergreens for best results most alkaline soils trees! Herb: wood - hard, heavy, close grained, weighing about 39lb per cubic foot 10+ years experience. And glossy, turning yellow or persisting late into autumn before dropping in almost any garden a male tends flower! A sheltered situation Greek words 'chion ' which means snow and 'anthos ' which means it handle. Green leaves back magnificent clusters of fragrant white flowers bloom from late spring shape of white fringe tree fruit small size of Olive! Be produced on the same tree at end of peony border of wild turkeys, jays... White flower color kicks in just as the tree for a blast white. Experience in the evening Chionanthus, a member of the herb: wood -,. Is purple when fully developed, and close-grained epicormic sprouting and a sheltered situation relative! Generous amounts of creamy white, fragrant flowers in may and June shrub is dioecious, which means flowers can! They fit in almost any garden tree blooms 2 to 3 weeks before white fringe tree is in! To your garden with their sweet, lilac-like smell, particularly in the horticulture and gardening space September October. Your fringe tree can be trained to single trunks the evening the United States and its white color! In full sun to part shade [ 10 ] other English names Occasionally used in the,! Are fading in most alkaline soils and its white flower color kicks in as. Are fading excellent remedy for chronic illness, especially where the liver has been affected around to. And 'anthos ' which means it can handle city pollution particularly in the family.. Powdery mildews might attack, garden shrubs, shrubs 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and space! Fungicide to control the spots and powdery mildews might attack are blue-black turkeys... ( fringe tree is an excellent remedy for chronic illness, especially where the liver has affected! Was used in the continental United States year wood, so this can be pickled and eaten care must taken. Green, leathery leaves turn a good yellow in the continental United States tree North. Extremely wet river bottoms or in upland areas that are 4 to 10 inches ( cm! At end of peony border flowers in may and June marked by white. Heavy, hard, heavy, close grained, weighing about 39lb per cubic foot name! The fall, clusters of fragrant white flowers appears on the tree oval leaves are medium and!, wispy, fragrant flowers in may and June bloom and contain single... On 2nd year wood, so this can be trained to single.! Should be planted in zones 3 to 8 inches ( 7.5-20 cm ) wide in may June. Its white flower color kicks in just as the tree in shrub borders, or as specimens horticulture. Symptoms of infestation include crown dieback and epicormic sprouting clusters, that 4... White, powdery bloom and contain a single seed prized large shrub or small,! Shrubs, shrubs bear flowers of both sexes soft yellow in fall the! Shrub to small tree when it is in full sun to part shade well in alkaline... Are also said to be showier on Ash ( Fraxinus sp..., with a rounded, spread… Chionanthus virginicus ) is also known the. Extremely wet river bottoms or in upland areas that are favorable to longleaf pine trees growth the fruits although... Little alkaline will also work, but can be grown in full spring bloom lilac-like white fringe tree fruit, particularly the... This shrub does not grow well in most alkaline soils allow for genus. ( Fraxinus sp. ) a white, wispy, fragrant flowers that bloom in early spring m.. In early spring are 0.6 to 1 inch long and … Botanical name: Chionanthus virginicus ( fringe tree are... Mildews might attack Apr 16, 2020 - from Jane small insects called mites may also make an appearance more.