Intuitive knowledge, which comes from understanding and believing in an idea based on a gut instinct or through personal insight. Research Methods- multiple choice exam questions. It allows a scientist to rely on real evidence to confirm or refute a claim, It allows a scientist to re-conduct previous experiments and realize the same basic findings, It enables a scientist to determine if something is actually true, It enables a scientist to utilize intuition to make his or her point. / Sample size can also be related to the concept of power. (3 marks). Answer: B. / They may, for example, try to support or undermine the research. Quantitative research has been defined in many ways. The Process of Research Quiz! (6 marks), Opportunity sampling is when the researcher takes the first people encountered who fit the necessary criteria. Write out a hypothesis for a study comparing imagery and repetition as aids to memory: The population / mean for imagery scores is higher than the / population / mean for repetition scores. It provides a holistic approach combining and analysing the statistical data with deeper contextualised insights. Site Navigation; Navigation for Multiple c Participant reactivity refers to the possibility that participants' behaviour can be affected the research situation / so that they feel unable to react naturally. / It is a form of control used in order to avoid favouring some participants over others. 7 months ago. Give an example, Partial correlation is when the correlation between two variables is tested / while controlling for a third variable. (2 marks). 11. Research questions often begin as more general research ideas—usually focusing on some behaviour or psychological characteristic: talkativeness, learning, depression, bungee jumping, and so on. Search all of SparkNotes Search. / If extraneous variables are not taken care of they could obscure the effect of the IV / or, if systematic, turn into a confounding variable. Secondary quantitative research helps to validate the data that is collected from primary quantitative research as well as aid in strengthening or proving or disproving previously collected data. D.statistical … Based on the concept of generalization, which of the following can the results of this study be applied on? Determinism, which is the assumption that all human and animal behavior is determined, or caused, by natural phenomena. / The median is the central score in a list of rank-ordered scores. Research design is a plan to answer your research question. He is measuring how many times they eat per day, analyzing how much they are active during extremely hot temperatures, and how much water they drink per day. Why do you want to do this research (Why)? … 30 times. They work on different problems, so everything is researched. 12th grade. Assuming the decision maker knows more than the model. 1984 Animal Farm Othello The Catcher in the Rye The Taming of the Shrew. on your results. Therefore blue whale is made up … usually verbally, on paper or by computer. Based on your results, we'll create a customized Test Prep Plan just for you! A- approaches and the discipline. What is a single blind procedure and why is it used? Which research method should I choose? Research design is a plan to answer your research question. The juveniles primarily avoided each other during their interactions. ), An appropriately shaped curve drawn on axes labelled frequency (vertical) and scores (horizontal). Revised on October 22, 2020. Start studying Research Methods- multiple choice exam questions. deena_gill_79198. the population means of sample A and sample B differ / or there is a correlation between C and D. / Such hypotheses may be used when there is no prior reason to suppose that the results will turn out a particular way. Finding Mixed Methods research in the Databases . One is conducted by professionals, while the other is done by people in the field. Question #32: How Can I Create a Good Research Hypothesis? What is meant by 95% confidence interval? / Another way to put this is that it is the ability of the test to avoid making a Type II error. / A relatively larger sample would be needed to represent a very varied population / and a relatively smaller one to represent a very homogenous population. / An example would be to test for the correlation between intoxication and alcoholic intake / while controlling for body mass. The links are also included with each chapter of the Methods in Behavioral Research Web site. Published on April 16, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. Students assigned to Method B go to class and take notes, but don't read the textbook. Is research that produces a real object or item. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Perfect prep for Research Methods in Psychology quizzes and tests you might have in school. / Matched pairs designs involve pairing participants on variables relevant to the study / then splitting the pairs and randomly allocating the members of the pair to one or other condition. (3 marks), Sketch a normal distribution and give three adjectives to describe it. / In the example given in 3, the DV would be driving ability. Research methods Types of research . Which of the following is the best explanation for why you can not conduct an experiment with these variables? .pdf version of this page This review is a collection of views and advice on composing research questions from problem statements. Causal Research Questions. What information does the standard error of the mean give you? When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will If, as an instructor, you write your own critical thinking questions to accompany the entry, we will credit you as a guest blogger. What is meant by a sample in psychological research? For example, researchers might be interested to understand if the new shade of lipstick recently launched is good or not, or if the multivitamin capsules help children to perform better at games. A research method is a strategy used to implement that plan. Descriptive research attempts to explore and explain while providing additional information about a topic. Sketch three other shapes of frequency distribution and name each one: Sketches of any three from the following correctly named earn 2 marks each: positively skewed, negatively skewed, U-shaped, J-shaped, bi-modal, rectangular. Profile Institution. Write. ! Selecting a Research Method Selecting a research method can make or break a research project, so it is important to implement the method most appropriately suited for a given research problem. / The mode is the most frequently occurring value in a set of scores. Standard errors can be used to calculate confidence intervals / for any given statistic. Upgrade to remove ads. Parsimony, which is defined as looking for the simplest explanation to a phenomenon. is it really measuring what it is supposed to measure / or are there biases or other design problems getting in the way? What every researcher needs. (1 mark), Sampling is carried out in order to ensure that the sample adequately represents the parent population / so that findings from the sample can be generalised back to the population from which it was drawn. (3 marks). If you’re a research methods instructor or student and would like us to consider your guest post for everydayresearchmethods.com, please contact Dr. Morling. usually verbally, on paper or by computer. With reference to parametric tests, what is meant by 'power efficiency'? / (In this case, practice becomes a confounding variable.) They can be applied to a similar environment, such as a desert climate in South America. (3 marks). positive and negative. Which step in the scientific method does this address? Test-retest reliability is the most relevant. For this type of research, the measurements are usually arbitrary, following the ordinal or interval type. Forgot your login information? Hero Images / Getty Images You could use a little more studying before you are ready to take that psychology exam. D- all the above. Trent wants to test the impact of a scent on a person's mood. What are characteristics of the literature review required for a quantitative research study? / They include the effects of the experimenter's appearance or behaviour on the participants / but, most importantly, they include 'experimenter expectancy effects'. (3 marks). Types of qualitative research methods with examples. Created by. 8. Instructors: Please add your own questions to these pages. Our online research method trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top research method quizzes. It depends on your research goal. A cross-sectional research design involves selecting a number of different age groups of participants / and studying them at the same time. Usually research is done by individuals with advanced degrees, such as PhDs, or Doctors of Philosophy, and PsyDs, or Doctors of Psychology. When planning your methods, there are two key decisions you will make. We'll review your answers and create a Test Prep Plan for you based Good luck! (3 marks), Extraneous variables are all other variables apart from the IV and DV that need to be controlled in an experiment / e.g. (3 marks), Another word for validity is relevance or appropriateness. However, after each interaction the juveniles would then separate and continue to avoid each other. Password. Research Methods. (3 marks). Start studying RESEARCH METHODS EXAM QUESTIONS, ANSWERS & MARKS. What is a pilot study? (4 marks), A DV is the factor in an experiment which is influenced by changes in the IV / and which is observed and measured by the researcher. C- the research methods used within the research methodology. What are measures of dispersion used for? You can skip questions if you would like and come ! (2 marks). Premium members get access to this practice exam along with our entire library of lessons taught by subject matter experts. (3 marks). (3 marks). / Alternate forms reliability is shown when two equivalent versions of the same test produce similar results. bls1g16. Question #40: What Is the Difference Between a Sample and a Population, and Why . Marco does not interact with the secretaries. 5. Match. The results can only be applied to the environment that the researcher has personally studied. Since research is researching what we don't know, the research question must be "original" or "new". In this kind of interview much qualitative data is likely to be collected. / The mean is easily distorted by such scores / but the median is not affected by them. Flashcards. What is a) a cross-sectional and b) a longitudinal research design? By reviewing some of the basics of psychology research methods, you can hone your knowledge and be more successful in your classes.. Start by learning a bit more about how psychologists conduct experiments as well as some of the key terms and definitions you should … What is your research (What)? A research report states that Group A was exposed to a new teaching method and Group B was exposed to a traditional method. 9. Experiments . Research questions often begin as more general research ideas—usually focusing on some behaviour or psychological characteristic: talkativeness, learning, depression, bungee jumping, and so on. This has led me to think a lot about how these different research methodologies might work together. However, when contact did occur, there was some aggression noted ('squaring off'=5; verbal threats=3). Cite. When a research is aimed to find out whether a variable causes one or … relies on tradition, intuition, and logic; is a logically stepped process, does not reproduce findings; is unproven and unreliable, is unreliable and unproven; does not reproduce findings, is a logically stepped process; relies on personal experience, authority, and tradition. Biological and Biomedical Which type of psychological tool should Trent use? Type Of Research Method Research Method; Controling the Extraneous Variables allows for higher ... An Idea or Theory that a Researcher wants to test: Participants must be kept anonymous unless they give consent : Does the study measure what it is claiming to measure: Also known as ' The Please You, Stuff You' Effect Business research multiple choice questions (MCQs), application of scientific method in finding for truth about business phenomenon is called, with answers for exam preparation. (5 marks), An IV is the influencing factor / which a researcher manipulates in an experiment / in order to observe its effect on a DV / for example, in a study of the effect of alcohol on driving ability, the IV would be the amount of alcohol given to the drivers. a word list in a memory experiment might be given on a different order to each participant. ! They recruited a sample of 30 experienced police drivers and asked them to take part in two computer-simulated driving tests. The first step in your review should include a basic introduction … Before looking at how to turn such ideas into empirically testable research questions, it is worth looking at where such ideas come from in the first place. Suppose that for your senior research project you decide to test the effectiveness of three different studying methods on learning. Scientific research relies on tradition, personal experience, intuition, logic and authority to arrive at conclusions. Parametric tests are sometimes said to be robust because they can withstand some violation of the underlying assumptions / and still give a fairly accurate result. (5 marks). Which type of psychological tool is Marco using? 1. Review Test Submission: Research Methods Question 1 1 out of 1 points A strong negative correlation is represented by a coefficient of zero (0.0). What is meant by a population in psychological research? There are actually 36 possible variations of such ‘pure’ or ‘classic’ research methods questions, as outlined in the flow chart below. (4 marks), Standardised instructions are directions that are given to research participants in the same way. Business research methods exam questions and answers, business research multiple choice questions (MCQs) pdf, practice quiz 14 to learn Business Research courses. Between which two values can a correlation coefficient vary? / The researcher is simply acting on instructions from another researcher. What three assumptions underlie the use of a parametric test? The power of a test refers to its relative ability / to detect a significant effect when the null hypothesis is false. Menu. back What is a double blind procedure and why is it used? This research method is one of the most difficult, requiring rigorous design and a great deal of expense, especially for larger experiments. (5 marks), Identify one difference between an experiment and a correlation, The main difference between an experiment and a correlation is that experiments enable us to talk about 'cause and effect' / whereas correlations simply describe patterns of linear relationship between pairs of data / and do not allow us to make cause and effect statements. (3 marks), Findings from a research study have ecological validity if they are generalisable across different settings / (contextual validity). the testing environment, time of day, instructions to participants. ! Students are randomly assigned to one of the study methods. an e-book. [Skip Breadcrumb Navigation]: [Skip Breadcrumb Navigation] Home: Multiple choice questions: No Frames Version Multiple choice questions. (3 marks), A confounding variable is an influence in an experiment that is not the IV yet causes changes in the DV. The standard error of the mean tells you how much variation there is in the mean / across samples from the same population. ! Whether you are a newbie or a professional, all it takes is a few steps to create your quiz. (4 marks), Randomisation can refer to the random allocation of participants to conditions to help control for variation due to participants. He hopes to understand what they need to survive in such a harsh climate. / Half the participants do condition A first followed by B, and half do B first followed by A, / hence the term ABBA design. / This is to minimise both experimenter effects and participant reactivity. (3 marks) Appropriate adjectives such as unimodal, bell shaped and symmetrical (3 marks). (5 marks), Distinguish between naturalistic and controlled observation, Naturalistic observation is carried out on participants in an environment which is familiar to them / for example a child's home, school-room or playground. Measures of central tendency are used for summarising large amounts of data / into one typical, or average value. answer choices . Select all … The results generated are analyzable and are used to test hypotheses, with statistics giving a clear and unambiguous picture. Unstructured. Question #16: Question #16: How Do I Know When My Literature Review Is Finished? (5 marks), Case studies are concerned with in-depth understanding / of one unique instance of something / rather than trying to find general principles which apply to groups of people. Structured. b) Do a … / Participants may then alter their behaviour in accordance to the perceived demands of the situation. 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