The future tense is NOT used in French in a subordinate clause requiring the subjunctive: Je doute qu'il réussisse. can take anywhere. French future tenses do not use an equivalent of the English word ‘will’ or ‘shall’ to indicate a future event. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you The future tense - Easy Learning Grammar French 1 Using the future tense. The logic is almost the same as in English, so this tense is easy to build for students of French. The French future is used to talk about more general or distant future events. Online exercises to improve your French. We can simply talk about future topics like the trip you’re planning to France next spring. The near future tense (le futur proche) is used to express something that will be happening in the very near future, and is formed by conjugating the verb aller (to go) into the present tense and pairing it with the infinitive verb. You’ll get plenty of in context practice for the tenses of the future and past indicative. 6 – Future Tense or Present Tense in French? Ils/Elles parleront. This happens by … When considering French verbs, keep in mind there are many variations of the 3 present-past-future tenses. As already mentioned, the present tense is often used to express future actions. Since we’ll be using their simple future conjugations when we form the future perfect tense, here are their simple future tense conjugations for reference: Avoir Conjugate the French verb être in all tenses: future, participle, present, indicative, subjunctive. To form the futur proche, use the present tense. Il/Elle aura USING THE FUTURE TENSE IN FRENCH. download the FluentU app from the iTunes store, 10 Simple French Sentences to Get Started with Basic Conversation, 10 Awesome French Podcasts For French Learners, 9 Great Channels to Learn French on YouTube, 10 Tasty Tips for Teaching Yourself French, 7 Awesome Songs to Help You Learn French Through Music, 15 French Idioms You Should Know But Don’t, 15 French Slang Words Every French Learner Should Know. Tu parleras Demain, nous (aller) à la pêche. The futur proche (near future) tense describes what is going to happen with certainty.. For regular 2nd group verbs, like choisir, this root is the same as the infinitive as well: choisir-. We use the present tense for all future events We use the near future for really near future and all future events We don’t use the future tense for really near future. Then, add on the past participle of the main verb. 6. Unlike English where one says, “I’ll call you when I arrive”, both parts of this kind of sentence are in the future tense in French. In French, the future can also be expressed using the present tense. Here’s an example of how the future perfect tense is used: Demain, j’aurai déjà lu mon livre. Familiarisation avec le futur , le conditionnel, les formes d'obligation et l'impératif. Le futur simple - Exercises. This lesson teaches the future tense in French. If you wish to say you are going to do something, you just use the conjugated form of the French verb aller (to go) with the infinitive of the intended verb. Arriver (to arrive, to come) Forming the future simple in French. Most of my audiobooks are recorded at several speeds to help you conquer the modern French language. This list is not exhaustive, but it covers the verbs that people use most often. This article will address how to form these two types of future tenses and when to use each of them. Dans neuf mois je vais avoir un enfant : je travaillerai à mi-temps et je devrai trouver une garde d’enfant. Aller + infinitive = going to + infinitive The Indicative mode includes 10 … The endings are all derived from the present tense of ' avoir '. http://LFWA.COM presents Group 1 regular French Verbs ending in "ER" in the Future Tense - Lesson 43 of Alexa’s popular Beginner’s French Essentials course. Alexa teaches the French verb aller (to go) in the future tense. A full list can be found in this very useful About article. So it may not be a time machine, but hey, it’ll still get you fluent in less time! (Grammaire) futur nm nom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". The grammatical term "perfect" means "completed," so the future perfect is used to talk about something that will have happened or will have been completed at some point in the future. Vous aurez parlé Reply. French Future Tense Proverbs and Quotes “Qui vivra verra” – French proverb “Qui vivra verra” is a widely used French proverb that uses the simple future tense. This is one of the easier conjugations in the French language, and learning it is simply a matter of learning … 1 – Construction of French Future Tense – Le Futur Simple, 2 – Modern Pronunciation of the French Future Tense, 4 – The 2 French Future Tenses – Futur Proche Versus Futur Simple, A – Future and Near Future are not used the Same Way in French and English, B – Upcoming Change Versus Consequences of the Change, 5 – Futur Simple is not Very Used in French. For the bases, we’ll start by looking at the three classes of regular verbs in French. So, to form the future perfect tense, we begin with the conjugated avoir (in simple future tense) and pair it with the past participle of parler. Get Started for Free French Future Tense – going to. (I’ll be there in five minutes). 4. We introduce the future tense, the conditional, the forms of obligation, and the imperative. Vous serez Il y aura du vent 8. Big picture/grandiose plans with “quand”: Things that you seriously plan to do in the future, and are doable, but that are not necessarily in the process of happening. (They will eat on the plane.). apprendre, futur Next year, I … The construction is quite straight forward. In English, we use the modal "will" plus a verb to talk about actions that will take place in the future, but in French there’s a future tense with a full set of conjugations for every verb. Well, each French verb either takes one or the other, so with time you’ll learn which verbs go with which helping verb. plenty of exceptions and irregulars to work with. Mourir (to die) When to use the future tense in French The future tense is used in French in many cases where English would use will... or will be...ing. This lesson teaches the future tense in French. The best way to learn how to use the future tense is to practice. This is the French version of 'will.' Il/Elle sera ]|3 rd person singular: We take the infinitive and add a. Note that the future endings look … The verb ending is the same in the future tense for er, ir and re verbs but changes depending on the person (je, tu, il... etc). Mon frère (devoir) se rendre à l'école. The relationship in meaning between the future verb phrase and the future tense is highly similar to the relationship between the English patterns 'I’m going to …' and 'I shall …' Tomber (to fall) Il neigera 7. How do you know which helping verb to use (avoir or être)? In general, the future tense in French is used in the same way as using “will” to talk about the future in English, like this: J’irai demain (I will go tomorrow) Elle te dira la … The verb endings will indicate the future tense. & Je suis enceinte. The future stem for -er and -ir verbs is the infinitive. Since this video content is stuff that native French speakers actually watch on the regular, you’ll get the opportunity to learn real French—the way it’s spoken in modern life. The French future tenses Use the near future and the simple future tenses to talk about what will happen in the future. Par exemple… Je t’appellerai si j’ai des nouvelles / Si j’ai des nouvelles, je t’appellerai. As with the present and imperfect tenses, a few -er verbs change their spellings slightly in the future tense. This future tense is easy to form however you’ll have to memorize certain irregular stems because they just happen to be important verbs. So you need to practice! Aside from the examples given above, there are other uses of the future perfect tense in French which do not correspond to the English usage. Être (to be) and avoir (to have) are not only basic verbs in French, but are also helping verbs for the future perfect tense. An example of a future tense form is the French aimera, meaning "will love", derived from the verb aimer ("love"). Note that the future endings look very much like the verb avoir in the present tense… It’s a good way to remember them for your French written test. Choosing the right future tense in French The future composé is used to talk about the near future and planned actions that will happen shortly. French audiobook learning method À Moi Paris, être – je serai – click to hear the classic and modern pronunciation in my article about the, + verb in the infinitive = parler, manger…, Je vais parler français = I’m going to speak French, Ils vont manger des pommes = they are going to eat apples, Je ne vais pas travailler = I’m not going to work, Ils ne vont pas au cinéma = they are not going to the movies, Je vais les inviter = I’m going to invite them, Je ne vais pas lui donner = I’m not going to give it to him/her. With the Future tense. Note the following about forming the future tense of regular verbs: Here’s a sample sentence in the near future tense: See here that aller is conjugated in the present while nager stays in its infinitive form, unconjugated. Vous parlerez In this lesson, we look at four of them, seeing how each version plays a nuanced role in the language. For a full list of past participles, check out this chart. Note that in French, this verb tense is called futur proche; to avoid misspelling this term, notice that the French spelling of futur does not have an e on the end, unlike "future" in English. The indicative tense forms of the future tense are also sometimes used to express other things, such as: Politeness : “Je vous demanderai de ne pas faire de bruit.” (I have to ask you to not make noise.) Future Tenses in French – Future Proche, Future Simple, which one to use The future in French can be expressed in three different ways – le futur proche (aller + infinitive form of the verb), le futur simple or even at times with le présent. Wouldn’t it be nice if you could plan a perfect future? Dans neuf mois, je vais avoir un enfant. Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. No, that doesn’t mean I’m going to grill you on where you’ll settle down, who you’ll marry, what your career path holds, if/when you’ll start a family or how to spend your retirement years. So try out some of these methods, listen to how the future tense is used and then try it for yourself. The best way to master the various French verb forms is to develop an ear for them and learn them in context so you really understand when to use that tense. The future tense of most verbs is formed by: Adding -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont; To the infinitive; The immediate future can be formed by: Using the verb aller + infinitive; This form of the future is basically used in the same way as the “to be going to” future in English. Available for iOS, Android, Mac and Windows. And the soccer game you’re going to next week, or your French self-study session planned for this evening. Learning French becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. For example, Je vais parler ("I will talk", or rather more … The FUTURE TENSE is used to tell what will take place in the future. Channel your knowledge of the simple past tense, the French tense that uses either avoir or être as a stem with a past participle. You will often have to check the spelling of French verbs in their various tenses, so you should really buy a French verb conjugation book if you don’t have one already. If you are using an object pronoun, the pronoun will go between the conjugated verb and the infinitive (so between aller and the second verb). The first half of that sentence is in the future perfect tense, and expresses an action (eating) that you know will have to be completed before you are able to complete the next action in the future (working, expressed with the simple future tense). Futur antérieur. Using the present tense gives the action more immediacy. The forms with spelling changes have been underlined in the tables. When to use the future tense in French? To form the conditional in French, you must start with the future simple tense root. Here are the three of them: The future perfect is used during instances when we use “must” in English. In English, it’s more likely that you would say: “I will have a child” here. Using the futur proche is more and more common in spoken French to describe events taking place in a more or less near future. Notice here that no future tense is being used in the French. Tu auras parlé My French audio method A Moi Paris L6 is set 10 years in the future of the ongoing story covered in the previous levels. Exercise. Check out my French audiobook learning method À Moi Paris Level 5 and 6 for a clear explanation of the 2 French future tenses, and the level-adapted ongoing stories which illustrates them. / If I have time, I will … For further explanation about what endings go with what subject, see the conjugation section below. Formation of Future Perfect Tense: simple future (of main verb’s auxiliary, avoir or être) + past participle (of main verb). The only way to achieve that is to work with audio, even for your French verb conjugations! The futur antérieur is equivalent to the future perfect tense in English. Okay, now let’s really talk about the future. The French future tense is often found in si clauses when talking about what will happen if a certain condition is met. 3 Spelling changes in -er verbs. As for the French, our trick is to change the person: “je” sounds the same, but not “tu” (tu mangeras ≠ tu mangerais) So we switch to “tu” to know how to spell the verb…. Monter (to go up, climb) We mostly use this tense to talk about future plans or intentions, as well as to make predictions about what may occur in the future. French: Le Futur simple. You know for a fact that you’ve set aside time to read the book tomorrow, and, therefore, it will be finished. 2.5 hours recorded at 3 different speeds. FluentU brings French to life with real-world videos. Future tense time phrases are then provided and students are then given the task of writing their own future tense weather predictions. The simplest form of the future in French is the simple future tense, which usually involves putting a different ending directly on the infinitive. Revenir (to come back, to return) A past participle indicates a past or completed action or time, and there is a specific participle for every verb in the French language. Tu seras Enrique. Il/Elle parlera Le futur simple – mixed exercises Il fera froid 4. When you speak however, you need to know the right French pronunciation, with the liaisons and silent letters, and the verb form has to come fast. In grammar, a future tense (abbreviated FUT) is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future. Tu auras The futur simple is used in the same way as the future tense in English. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. [Next week he will visit the new museum. If there is an E before the R, the E will be silent in modern glided French: This is the pronunciation I use, the one used in Paris and in most of France, and the one I used in my French audiobooks. Rester (to stay) For avoir, the stem is aur-, and for être, it’s ser-. Passer (to pass [by]). Find those, listen to how the future tense is used and adopt it in your own language. We conjugate the future tense by adding the endings -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez and -ont to the infinitive of the verb. Il fera mauvais 5. To form the future tense in French, we add to the infinitive of the verb (be careful: not the stem, but the whole infinitive, including the ER) the endings “ai, as, a, ons, ez, ont”. When to use the future tense in French? FluentU lets you learn French from real-world content like music videos, commercials, news broadcasts, cartoons and inspiring talks. In addition, there is a vocabulary list about weather expressions and finally some common phrases. The Concept of Time The near future in French, as in English, illustrates the fluidity of time. For regular -re verbs, the stem is the infinitive minus the final e. In all cases, the future stem ends in -r: this sound characterizes the future and the conditional.The French simple future tense is generally translated … French Weather Future / le Temps Listen & Repeat 1. It makes it more real: it will happen = it’s almost a sure thing. In English, le futur proche is a construction using the auxiliary verb “to be” + “going” + verb in the infinitive. Based on my students' goals and needs, I've created unique downloadable French audiobooks focussing on French like it's spoken today, for all levels. 3. Entrer (to enter) Translate être in context, with examples of use and definition. However, there are some key differences; see the usage of the future tense in French for more detais. I just learned that traditionally, the “je” form of the future should have a “ré” sound and the conditional a “rè” sound. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn French with real-world videos. We introduce the future tense, the conditional, the forms of obligation, and the imperative. Je parlerai The use of le futur simple tense is nowadays mostly kept for: Otherwise we mostly use the futur proche, which is great news for students of French since the futur proche is so easy to use! The verb parler takes avoir as its helping verb. For now, know that most verbs that use être are verbs of movement (although not all verbs of movement use être). There are many different ways to express the future tense in French. Can You Understand Today’s Spoken French? This is good news. a couple of worksheets, one to introduce the future tense (also includes aller + infinitive) and secondly, a worksheet to practise them. Familiarisation avec le futur , le conditionnel, les formes d'obligation et l'impératif. The modern French pronunciation of the future tense is also very important: all your endings will start with an R sound. Nous parlerons The regular future tense is formed as follows: Start with the infinitive up to and including the last 'r' (jouer / visiter / descendre etc.) Learn everything you need to know about the futur simple in French grammar with Lingolia’s quick and easy examples, then put your knowledge to the test in the exercises. In Spanish it’s more complex and I tend to link wht I already know from Spanish to what I am currently learning of French. For example: for descendre (to descend, to go down), add the future endings to the stem descendr-, (je descendrai, etc.). Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes store or Google Play store. But most people agree that nowadays, they sound the same: see the discussion of wordreference. All Rights Reserved. The future in French can be expressed in three different ways – le futur proche (aller + infinitive form of the verb), le futur simple or even at times with le présent. This applies to sentences with the conjunctions quand (when), lorsque (when), dès que (as soon as), aussitôt que (as soon as) and après que … To speak, you need to train with French audiobooks. Naître (to be born) In grammar, a future tense (abbreviated FUT) is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future. The nous form is formed by adding ‐ons; the vous form is formed by adding ‐ez.. 1. Unlike English, the use of futur proche in French reinforces the idea that the speaker believes the action will become real. Nous aurons Unfortunately, many verbs have an irregular stem in the future, and need to be learnt by heart. Within the past, present, and future tense categories, there are subcategories that allow us to further place action within a chronology. Il fera chaud 3. (Tomorrow, I will have already read my book.). With limited vocabulary, students will be able to form sentences in the affirmative and negative forms and learn basic conjugation of regular verbs in the present, past and future tense . How does the future tense work in French? Oftentimes, these two tenses are used together: Quand j’aurai déjeuné, je travaillerai. Students are reminded of the present tense phrases and introduced to the future tense version, prompting discussion and comparison. However, to master the modern pronunciation of the French irregular verbs, there is nothing like my French verb drills. The French future tense (le futur simple) is used in a similar way to the English ‘will (+ main verb)‘: to describe upcoming actions. Il fera beau 2. Future tense in English is super simple. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. How does the future tense work in French? Use the entire verb as the stem, adding “-ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont” at the end. Complete the sentences with the futur simple form of the verbs in brackets.. Demain je (finir) de lire cette bande-dessinée. In addition, there is a vocabulary list about weather expressions and finally some common phrases. However, memorizing all these irregular verb stems may looks simple on paper, but coming up with the right French verb form quickly is one of the biggest challenges for students of French. Ils/Elles seront. Here are the three of them: The future perfect is used during instances when we use “must” in English. You’ll often see an exchange similar to the one below: John: Je rentre chez moi bientôt. Although the present tense is used most often, especially in podcasts that speak about current events or culture, some news podcasts try to predict what will happen next. Note that the ending for the je, tu, il, and ils form is the present tense of avoir. The future perfect tense (le futur antérieur), on the other hand, expresses an act that will have happened in the future. 3. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. This saying is used when something is uncertain or … ; La semaine prochaine il (visiter) le nouveau musée. At the end of the article there will be a few practice exercises to make sure you understand the basics. In French there are two simple ways to talk about something that will happen in the future: Le Futur Proche (near future) and Le Futur (the future). Aside from the examples given above, there are other uses of the future perfect tense in French which do not correspond to the English usage. Rentrer (to return) It’s not just slang. In this sense, the future tense is used in French just like it is in English. In English the future tense is often shown by will or its shortened form ’ll. Then, learning your tenses within the context of the story will be a tremendous help to understand when we use the various tenses, and again, develop an ear and reflexes for the French verb forms. Ils (and elles, which is used for groups of women) gets an ending of -ont at the end. Books are OK for written tests. To discuss any of these events in daily French conversations, we’re going to need to know how to use the future tenses. Notice that with irregular verbs, it’s only the stem that changes – the endings remain the same. One of the most useful and easiest tenses to learn in French is the immediate future tense. Vous aurez Irregular verbs, auxiliary verbs, conjugation rules and conjugation models in French verb conjugation. Thanks for subscribing! Descendre (to come down) Sometimes in spoken French, just like in English, if the future event is really close in time, we could even use the present tense. Tu finis à quelle heure ce soir ? Le vent … Too bad that’s not what the future perfect tense does. Learn French with me here at FrenchHour.com. Experience how different and efficient our method is. This BBC Future Tense article has great comprehensive examples on how and when to use the future tense, the present tense as the future and the near future tense. ]|1 st person singular: We take the infinitive and add ai. It uses your viewed videos and mastered language lessons to recommend more useful videos and give you a 100% personalized experience. French Tenses: Past, Present, and Future. For regular 1st group verbs, like parler, this root is the same as the infinitive: parler-. Il pleuvra 6. Interactive captions will guide you along the way, so you’ll never miss a word. Partir (to leave) This is used to describe things that you’re going to do. Many French students kind of overlook the French future tense, because in books, it hardly covers one page! (grammar: will do, etc.) J’aurai However, in French, the future tense is also used in certain clauses that would take the present tense in English. Learn French in context! It uses the verb “aller” (to go) in the present tense + the main verb in the infinitive. Futur antérieur. Nous aurons parlé Principales traductions: Anglais: Français: future tense n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. However, many French people make that mistake in writing: using the conditional is so much common than the simple future that writing “mangerais” when “mangerai” is needed is a super widespread typo… I often fall in that trap! The near future doesn’t use to be in French. French tenses are always to dependent on the 6 French modes. The French everybody speaks in France today is NOT the overly enunciated, extremely formal French usually taught to foreigners. The French future tense can also be used in si clauses, to express what will happen if a condition is met: Si j'ai le temps, je le ferai. Sortir (to go out), Venir (to come) To form the future perfect tense, first conjugate either avoir or être into the simple future tense. Besides the future-time verb phrase ‘ aller + infinitive ’ discussed in level 1, lesson 11, grammar 1, French has a future tense (l e futur). ☃️ WINTER SALE – 20% OFF ALL AUDIOBOOKS ENDS DEC 18th. In French, we would use “I’m going to have a child” in this context. Just like in English, the present tense can also be used to tell something that hasn’t happened yet. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. Since parler is regular, the participle is typical for a French -er verb: knock off the “r” and accent the “e.” For parler, we get parlé. Please check your email for further instructions. Much like the future tense, there’s a pretty simple hack that you can use to avoid using any of the actual French tenses (imparfait, passé simple, passé composé, and past conditional) and I’ll introduce this before I talk a bit about passé composé in the second post in this series, one of the tenses that I think can be the most confusing. Learning how and when to use these tenses in everyday conversation is crucial, and will help your writing skills, as well. One of the best ways to get used to irregular conjugations (with the future tense or any other tense) is by seeing real-life French in action, and FluentU makes this easy. (I’m going home soon) Note that in French, there is no translation for the often-used “will” in English. To form the future tense in French, we add to the infinitive of the verb (be careful: not the stem, but the whole infinitive, including the ER) the endings “ai, as, a, ons, ez, ont”. What will you... 2 Forming the future tense. In modern French, the “je” form of a verb sounds exactly the same in le futur simple and the present conditional (the final S being silent). J'irai la semaine prochaine I will go next week. Retourner (to return) L’année prochaine, j’apprendrai le chinois. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. One of my favorite tools for looking up irregular conjugations is Word Reference, as well as my book of “501 French Verbs”. In a more formal language, we would say “at what time will you/are you going to end your day tonight?”. Molly: Ok, j’arrive dans cinq minutes. Ils/Elles auront, Être In the negative, the “ne” and the “pas” surround the conjugated verb (so they surround aller). Vous (avoir) bientôt de mes nouvelles. = at what time do you end your day tonight. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. [Tomorrow I will finish reading this comic book. 2. The futur proche (near future tense) describes what is going to happen with certainty and is very commonly used in French. Includes dialog, study guide and full transcript + translations. J’aurai parlé The French near future—futur proche—is a verb construction that is used to express something that is going to happen soon, an upcoming event that will occur in the near future.Note that in French, this verb tense is called futur proche; to avoid misspelling this term, notice that the French spelling of futur does not have an e on the end, unlike "future" in English. An example of a future tense form is the French aimera, meaning "will love", derived from the verb aimer ("love"). In the above case, ils refers to a group of people (“Il” meaning “he” and the extra “s” meaning “they,” referring to either a group of men or a group of men and women). The three broad categories of tense in French are past, present, and future.